This ritual is called "Ellu Birodhu." Star Publications, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Kite Festival in Gujarat – Uttarayan, https://www.india.gov.in/calendar?date=2019-01, https://www.india.gov.in/calendar?date=2020-01, "Makar Sankranti 2019: क्यों मनाई जाती है मकर संक्रांति, महत्व, पूजा विधि और मंत्र", "After a 100 years, Makar Sankranti gets a new date", "Kumbha Mela: The Largest Gathering on Earth", Biggest Gathering On Earth' Begins In India; Kumbha Mela May Draw 100 Million, "Celebrating Nature's Bounty – Magh Bihu", "Bihu being celebrated with joy across Assam", "Bonfire, feast & lots more – Jorhat celebrations promise traditional joy this Magh Bihu", "Of sesame laddoos and prayers for husbands - Times of India", "Makar Sankranti observed with pomp in state", "Makar Sankranti celebrations: Sky lanterns dot the sky", "Traditional fervour marks Makar Sankranti", "eUttaranchal - Rediscover Uttarakhand - Tourism, Culture & People", "पतित पावनी सरयू-गोमती नदी का संगम गंदगी मुक्त हुआ", "Choliya dances enthrall at Bageshwar mela", "Ghughuti 'The Mouth-Watering Festival of Kumaon', Ghughuti Festival", "West Bengal District Gazetteers: Calcutta and Howrah", "Devotees throng Gangasagar on Makara Sankranti", http://www.thedailystar.net/star-weekend/shakrain-festival-kites-and-fireworks-205195, "Harvest Festival in Sri Lanka – Ulavar Thirunaal, Pongal Festival", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Makar_Sankranti&oldid=993139045, Observances set by the Vikram Samvat calendar, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from January 2020, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from January 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from January 2020, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [13] Many observers go to sacred rivers or lakes and bathe in a ceremony of thanks to the sun. Therefore, this festival holds traditional cultural significance. The racist murderer claimed to have killed Sodhi because of his turban “in retaliation” for the attacks. Many individuals at the start of the day perform a ritual bath while fasting. From this day onwards, as the sun moves from the Winter solstice towards the Summer solstice, the days start getting longer. Kandivali - The Shiv Nageshwar Mitra Mandal will be celebrating the Maghi Ganpati festival by welcoming the Bappa's idol at Hanuman Nagar Ganga Bawdi. Cattle are the symbolic indication of prosperity. They have grand celebration of Maghi starting from the final week of the month of Paush to 3 of Magh. [4][22] This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, particularly the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred hymn of Hinduism found in its scripture named the Rigveda. Alternately, many people believe that the offerings to the crows are made to pay homage to the departed souls of their ancestors.[52]. It is observed each year in the lunar month of Magha which corresponds with the month of January as per the Gregorian calendar and is a day the people of India and Nepal celebrate their harvest. 1981. The January 14 date is based on the nirayana system, while the sayana system typically computes to about December 23, per most Siddhanta texts for Hindu calendars. In villages there will be a simple ceremony of "Kappu Kattu" (kappu means secure). Religious & Cultural, Festival of Harvest, welcome longer days, Kite flying, bonfires, fairs, surya puja in river, feast, arts, dance, socialization, Day 1 – Maghi (preceded by Lohri), Bhogi Panduga, Day 2 – Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Pedda Panduga, Uttarayana, Magh Bihu, Day 1 – Bhogi (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra), Day 2 – Makara Sankranti, the main festival day, Day 3 – Kanuma (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana), Day 4 – Mukkanuma (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana). Bathing in a river in the early hours on Maghi is important. This tradition gives Pongal its name. [39] Makara Mela (Fun fair) is observed at Dhabaleswar in Cuttack, Hatakeshwar at Atri in Khordha, Makara Muni temple in Balasore and near deities in each district of Odisha. Kite flying is an inevitable part of the festival in Uttar Pradesh,[45] as with many states of India such as Gujarat and Maharashtra. It is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different Indian states and South Asian countries: In most regions of India, Sankranti festivities last for two to four days of which each day is celebrated with distinct names and rituals.[24]. Tharu community of Kailali, Kanchanpur, Banke, Bardiya and Dang districts celebrate this festival as the New Year. It is celebrated with pomp in southern parts of India as Sankranti in Karnataka (Pongal in Tamil Nadu), and in Punjab as Maghi. It is a custom that he should not talk to anyone and only sing songs of Lord Vishnu when he goes to everyone's house. Maghe Sankranti is also celebrated as “Maghi” by the Tharu community in the Terai region of Nepal. Loading... Buddha Purnima. In Gujarat, from December through to Makar Sankranti, people start enjoying Uttarayan. Married women invite friends/family members and celebrate Haldi-Kunku. Makar Mela in Odisha. It is celebrated on the last day of Margazhi[43] by throwing away and destroying old clothes and materials, by setting them on fire, marking the end of the old and the emergence of the new. Many melas or fairs are held on Makar Sankranti the most famous being the Kumbha Mela, held every 12 years at one of four holy locations, namely Haridwar, Prayag (Prayagraj), Ujjain and Nashik. The date of winter solstice changes gradually due to the Axial precession of the Earth, coming earlier by approximately 1 day in every 70 years. [3][4][5] It marks the first day of the sun's transit into Makara rashi (Capricorn), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days. At dawn, people light a bonfire[23] with logs of wood, other solid fuels and wooden furniture that are no longer useful. The Goddess Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day of Sankranti. On this auspicious day, girls wear new clothes to visit near and dear ones with a Sankranti offering in a plate and exchange the same with other families. The festival is a harbinger of longer and relatively warmer days in comparison to the cold month of Poush. So, apart from socio-geographical importance, Maghe Sankranti holds historical and religious significance. Before this tradition, the festival was observed and mentioned by Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of Sikhism.[25]. Maghe Sankranti is regarded as marking the beginning of an auspicious phase in Nepalese culture. For the film, see, Rajasthan and Western Madhya Pradesh (Malwa & Nimar), MN Saha and NC Lahiri (1992), History of the Calendar, CSIR, pp. The festival is known as Kicheri in Uttar Pradesh and involves ritual bathing. All sections of society participate in a three-day festival that begins on the day before Sankranti and ends on the day after. It is believed that any auspicious and sacred ritual can be sanctified in any Nepali family, this day on-wards. In Punjab, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi which is a religious and cultural festival. Guests are given til-gul and some small gift, as a part of the ritual. [42] On this occasion the sky in Jaipur and Hadoti regions is filled with kites, and youngsters engage in contests trying to cut each other's strings.[42]. This Makara Sankranti celebration is next to the Odia traditional new year Maha Vishuva Sankranti which falls in mid April. Makara Sankranti or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, dedicated to the deity Surya (sun). The moment the rice boils over and bubbles out of the vessel, the tradition is to shout "பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் (Ponggalo Ponggal)!" Some people decorate the horns with gold or other metallic covers. Kanuma is very intimate to the hearts of farmers because it is the day for praying and showcasing their cattle with honor. Maghi- the first day of Magh is one of the important festivals observed in Nepal. On this occasion, Sikhs visit Gurudwaras and listen to kirtans to commemorate the martyrdom of the forty Immortals. The action took place near a pool of water, Khidrane di Dhab, on 29 December 1705. In Eastern Orissa, on many occasions, two friends feed each other ‘Mahaprasad’, the offering made in the famous Jagannath temple of Puri, and continue the friendship for at least one year. Tribal groups celebrate with traditional dancing, eating their particular dishes sitting together, and by lighting bonfires. In the states of northern and western Nepal, the festival is celebrated as the Makar Sankranti day with special zeal and fervour. Virtual ways to celebrate festivals in 2020 Look at the festival season in the era of social distancing, and it’s clear that festivals need to be celebrated in new, unique ways. Tharu community of Kailali, Kanchanpur, Banke, Bardiya and Dang districts celebrate this festival as the New Year. Maghi – Festival of the 40 Immortals – Sikhism January 13 Over three hundred years ago the tenth and last (human) Guru of the Sikhs led his army in an historic battle against the Mughal Emperor. In Shimla District of Himachal Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is known as Magha Saaji. 1035. Kanuma, Mukkanuma and the day following Mukkanuma call for celebrations with union of families, friends, relatives. Guru Gobind Singh meanwhile declared that he would be succeeded not by a person, but by the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, the writings of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. People wear new clothes, pray to God, and make offerings of traditional food to ancestors who have died. Generally makar sankranti falls on 14 January, and is called Makar Sankranti or other names in the Indian subcontinent. It is for offering thanks to cattle, as they help farmers in agriculture. The Mughal Empire covered over 3 million square kilometers and had a population of over 120 million people. [50][51] Those who are more religiously disposed, continue this practice for three days in succession, which is known as "Trimaghi". The eve of Maghi is the common Indian festival of Lohri when bonfires are lit in Hindu homes to greet the birth of sons in the families and alms are distributed. The movement of the sun from one zodiac sign into another is called Sankranti and as the Sun moves into the Capricorn zodiacal sign known as Makara, this occasion is named as Makara Sankranti in the Pahari context. Maghe Sankranti is celebrated on the first day of Magh (around mid-January). We had a wonderful time, filled with deep inquiry into the nature and meaning of Home, for ourselves, from a communal and societal perspective, and what is means to be home in God.We are looking forward to seeing you again 2020 at the Celebrate Life Festival in the USA and in Germany in 2021! The first Sankranti experienced by a married woman is of significance as she is invited by her parents and brothers to their houses with her husband for a big feast. During this day people visit their relatives, friends to enjoy the festive season. The festival is known as Makara Sankranti in Odisha[38] where people prepare makara chaula (Odia: ମକର ଚାଉଳ): uncooked newly harvested rice, banana, coconut, jaggery, sesame, rasagola, Khai/Liaa and chhena puddings for naivedya to gods and goddesses. He was succeeded by Bahadur Shah I, who reached a brief alliance with the Gobind Singh before the Guru’s death. In some parts of Karnataka, a newly married woman is required to give away bananas for five years to married women (muthaidhe/sumangali) from the first year of her marriage and increase the number of bananas in multiples of five. Teej is the festival celebrated by Hindu women in August or September. [33] Its observance takes place on a rather subdued note, unlike major festivals of the region like Ganesh chaturthi. There is also a tradition of some households giving away red berries "Yalchi Kai" with the above. "Sakraant" in Haryana and Delhi rural areas, is celebrated with traditional Hindu rituals of North India similar to Western UP and border areas of Rajasthan and Punjab. They then sit down and eat the sumptuous food that is specially prepared for the occasion. Makara Sankranti is regarded as important for spiritual practices and accordingly, people take a holy dip in rivers, especially Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri. On the day after Makara Sankranti, the animal kingdom is remembered and, in particular, cows. The next morning Hindus see as an auspicious occasion for ritual bathing in ponds and rivers. Maghi is the occassion when Sikhs commemorate the sacrifice of forty Sikhs, who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji. It is also traditional to consume khichdi and jaggery. Much to the king's good fortune, a kindly crow warned him about Ghughutiya's evil intentions, thus granting the king the boon of life. [32] The night before is "Uruka" (28th of Pooh), when people gather around a bonfire, cook dinner, and make merry. Loading... Bhai Dooj. The first day of festival is Bhogi (போகி). By taking the revolutionary step, Gobind Singh made the Guru immortal. Therefore, Makar Sankranti signifies the celebration of the day following the day of winter solstice. Shakrain is an annual celebration of winter in Bangladesh, observed with the flying of kites.[55]. [6] Being a festival that celebrates the solar cycle, it almost always falls on the same Gregorian date every year (January 14/15),[4] except in some years when the date shifts by a day for that year. It started as a farmers festival, called as Uzhavar Thirunaal in Tamil. Maghe Sankranti (Nepali:माघे सङ्क्रान्ति, Mathili:माघि, Nepal Bhasa:घ्यःचाकु संल्हु) is a Nepalese festival observed on the first of Magha in the Vikram Sambat (B.S) calendar (about 14 January) bringing an end to the winter solstice containing month of Poush. In some places, Jallikattu, or taming the wild bull contest, is the main event of this day and this is mostly seen in the villages. Women make it a point to wear black clothes. It is said that from the day of Makar Sankranti, which signals a change of season, migratory birds start returning to the hills of Uttarakhand from the plains of India where they migrate during the winters to escape the extreme cold and snowfall in the hills. The festival is celebrated four days from the last day of the Tamil month Margazhi to the third day of the Tamil month Thai. Then, new boiled rice is offered to the Sun god during sunrise, as a prayer which symbolises thanks to the sun for providing prosperity. Both married and unmarried women celebrate this festival by worshipping Lord Shiva. Haridasus sing songs of Lord Vishnu (Hari); hence the name Haridasu (servant of Hari). Another legend has it that a certain king of Kumaon had a minister called 'Ghughutiya' who once conspired to kill him. [13] Every twelve years(marking one complete revolution of Jupiter around the Sun) the Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with one of the world's largest mass pilgrimages, with an estimated 40 to 100 million people attending the event. In Maharashtra on Makar Sankranti (मकर संक्रान्ति) day people exchange multicoloured halwa (sugar granules coated in sugar syrup) and til-gul laadoo (sweetmeats made from sesame seeds and jaggery). The plate contains shaped sugar candy moulds (Sakkare Acchu, ಸಕ್ಕರೆ ಅಚ್ಚು) with a piece of sugarcane. The day after Makar Sankranti the first day in the month Magh from Bengali calendar The Goddess Laxmi devi is worshiped. Mubarak ho aapko Makar-Sankranti. Maghi is the annual festival and one of the seasonal gathering of the Sikhs. It marks the end of an inauspicious phase which according to the Hindu calendar begins around mid-December. As the Mughal army approached Gobind Singh’s camp, they encountered the 40 former deserters. The child prince wore a pearl necklace that he was very fond of and it is said that the 'Ghughute' sweetmeat garlands are worn by children on the day of Makar Sankranti in fond memory of this child prince of Kumaon. At some places new clothes are worn on this day. In North America Sikhs have been mistaken for Muslims because of their tradition dress, turban, and beards, in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. During the festival, the Tharu people eat delicious food, dance and enjoy. While exchanging til-gul as tokens of goodwill people greet each other with the words "तिळगुळ घ्या, आणि गोड-गोड बोला / til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bolaa" meaning ‘Accept this til-gul (sweet) and utter sweet words’. Maghi commemorates the martyrdom of the "Forty Immortals," forty followers of Guru Gobind Singh who had previously deserted him, fought bravely against overwhelming Mughal army forces and were martyred in Muktsar. People prepare savouries and sweets such as vadai, murukku, payasam and visit each other and exchange greetings. Makar Sankranti or Maghi is a festival day in the Hindu calendar rendered to the God Surya.The lunar month of Magha, also known month of January, is observed every year. They also make beautiful and ornate drawings and patterns on the ground with chalk or flour, called rangoli or muggu in Telugu, in front of their homes. In West Bengal, Sankranti, also known as Poush Sankranti[53] named after the Bengali month in which it falls (last date of that month), is celebrated as a harvest festival Poush Parbon (Bengali: পৌষ পার্বণ). I am collecting information for http://www.sikhtourism.com. These include Sankhamul on the Bagmati near Patan; In the Gandaki/Narayani river basin at Triveni, Devghat near Chitwan Valley and Ridi on the Kaligandaki; and in the Koshi River basin at Dolalghat on the Sun Koshi. Tharus (ethnic group living in south Nepal) celebrate Maghi as the New Year and of course part of the festival is worshiping, drinking, eating and dancing. People play with kites and the sky is filled with beautiful kites. They also pray to the sun and thank for their successes and prosperity. [45] If they cannot go in river then they bathe at home. This is when people discard old and derelict things and concentrate on new things causing change or transformation. In the Himalayan regions of Darjeeling, the festival is as known as Magey Sakrati. And, Maghe Shakranti means the day 1 of Magh. December and January are the coldest months of the year in the Punjab. The delicacies include chura (flattened rice), dahi(curd), gur (jaggery), sweets made of til (sesame seeds) such as tilkut, tilgul, tilwa, maska, etc., milk, seasonal fruits and vegetables. The Mughal Empire declined after Aurangzeb’s death. 555. It is also believed that this is the first day of the period of Uttarayana (Sidereal Uttarayana) as per Hindu astrology when the Sun starts moving into the Northern hemisphere after completing six months in the Southern hemisphere. Sankranti is the Sanskrit word which refers to the transmigration of the Sun from one Rashi (sign of the zodiac) to another. Women conggregate in the nearby havelis to sing Haryani folk songs and exchange gifts.[37]. [10][12] The Magha Mela, according to Diana L. Eck (professor at Harvard University specializing in Indology), is mentioned in the Hindu epic Mahabharat. Shakranti means the first day of a month in the Nepali language. Family members gather together to celebrate. People are seen busy buying pigs, boars, ducks and hens to celebrate this festival. Doaba - Wikipedia Lohri is linked to the Bikrami calendar, and is celebrated the day before the festival of Maghi celebrated in India as Makar Sankranti. Maghi celebration in pictures Maghe or Makar Sankranti is being observed throughout the country on Tuesday. Maghi falls on the 13th January, 2014, worldwide. It is later served to the people in the house for the ceremony. The Hindu Sindhi community in western regions of India, that is also found in southeastern parts of Pakistan, celebrate Makar Sankranti as Tirmoori. Makar Sankranti, a.k.a Maghi is a major harvest festival and is dedicated to Surya and also marks the first day of the sun’s transit into Makara (Capricorn). 30 mandals of Pratiksha Nagar hae come together to celebrate the Maghi Ganesh Jayanti and will immerse their favorite deity on 11 February. Vikas Publishing House, Reejhsinghani, Aroona (2004) Essential Sindhi Cookbook. Maghi, Makara Sankranti, the first day of the month of Magh. 30 mandals of Pratiksha Nagar hae come together to celebrate the Maghi Ganesh Jayanti and will immerse their favorite deity on 11 February. The second day of festival is Thai Pongal or simply Pongal. Kite flying festivals are organised, albeit on a small scale. Women are dressed in red saree, red tika on their head, and various ornaments. #Maghi … Quite informative .. The Magha Mela (or mini-Kumbh Mela held annually at Prayag) and the Gangasagar Mela (held at the head of the Ganges River, where it flows into the Bay of Bengal). O black crow come, eat ‘Paush‘ month (January) ‘Roti‘ (flat bread) in ‘Maagh‘ (February). Maghi fairs are held in many places. On Maghi, Sikhs visit gurdwaras and listen to kirtan (hymns). It is celebrated at Muktsar in the memory of forty Sikh martyrs (Chalis Mukte), who once had deserted the tenth and last human Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur Sahib, but later rejoined the Guru and died while fighting the Mughal Empire army led by Wazir Khan in 1705. Many people take a dip in places like Ganga Sagar Prayag and pray to the Sun God (Surya). Women give gift to their in-laws called "Manana". They call this festival maghi. This goes on for one full year till the next Makar Sankranti. Maghi is the regional name of the Hindu festival of Makar Sankranti celebrated by Hindus of Punjab and Himachal . In the daytime people visit their neighbours and together enjoy khichdi with ghee and chaas and give it in charity at temples. It is the only Indian festival celebrated on a fixed day of the Gregorian calendar. An important ritual is display of cows and bulls in colourful costumes in an open field. Photographer: Prakash Chandra Timilsena. He had ruled for half a century and was considered the last great Mughal ruler. Maghi is the annual festival and one of the seasonal gathering of the Sikhs. The bathing is believed to result in merit or absolution of past sins. On such occasions the whole Sikh families of a particular place gather in … Tharus mark this festival as end of winter and beginning of warmer days. We celebrate Maghi in Magh remarking the near end of winter. [27] It is the Assam celebration of Makar Sankranti, with feasting lasting for a week.[28]. Known as Sankrant in Goa and like in the rest of the country, people distribute sweets in the form of granules of sugar-coated till pulses among family members and friends, with the words,Till gull gheiat, godd uloiat, meaning Eat seasame and jaggery and sweeten your talk. It is the main day of the festival, falling on the first day of the Tamil month Thai which starts with the solar cycle when sun starts moving towards the summer solstice (uttarayana). Girls feed the animals, birds and fish as a symbol of sharing. Soon after, the royal couple was blessed with a child who was named Raja Nirbhaya Singh, affectionately called 'Ghughutiya'. This ritual is common in rural Karnataka and is called "Kichchu Haayisuvudu." The festival is marked by feasts and bonfires. Maghi is a pagan non sikh holiday. Maghi is the annual festival and one of the seasonal gathering of the Sikhs. In the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, Makar Sankranti (also called as Ghughuti (घुघुति) or Ghughuti Tyar or Ghughutia or Kale Kauva or Uttarayani) is celebrated with great gusto. [13][14][15] At this event, then they say a prayer to the sun and bathe at the Prayaga confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna at the Kumbha Mela,[13] a tradition attributed to Adi Shankaracharya. Nepali people celebrate it as the beginning of the auspicious month of Magh. In other words, Sankranti marks the termination of winter season and beginning of a new harvest or spring season. Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in many parts of the Indian subcontinent with some regional variations. to Brahmins or the needy ones. MELA MAGHI: SIKHS COMMEMORATE ‘40 LIBERATED ONES’ For Sikhs, the larger festivals of Lohri and Makar Sankranti signal an anniversary: It was on December 30, 1705, that the … Kites for Uttarayan are made of special light-weight paper and bamboo and are mostly rhombus shaped with central spine and a single bow. The second day is Makara Sankranti. In the day of Makar Sankranti Hindu God Dharma is worshiped. [3][6], Makara Sankranti[7] is one of the few ancient Indian and Nepali festivals that has been observed according to solar cycles, while most festivals are set by the lunar cycle of the lunisolar (चंद्र – सौर) Hindu calendar. Nepali people celebrate it as the beginning of the auspicious month of Magh. This festival starts (according to the Nepali calender) on the 1st of the month of Maghi (15th of Januari) and last for 5 days. "Makar Sankrati" or "Sakraat" in the Rajasthani language[40] is one of the major festivals in the state of Rajasthan. Culturally, people dance their famous "bhangra". Here crow, come take this lentil ball & give me a gold pitcher (blessings)…, Here crow, come take this shield (made of kneaded flour) & give me a gold plate (blessings)…, Here crow, come take this sword (made of kneaded flour) & give me prosperity (blessings)…, There are numerous legends associated with the practice of offering sweetmeats to crows and other birds during Makar Sankranti. The famous Uttarayani mela (fair) is held in Bageshwar town each year in the month of January on the occasion of Makar Sankrati. The Sindhi community in India too celebrate Makar Sankranti as Tirmoori which involves parents sending sweet dishes to their daughters. On the day, people of Hindu communities take holy dips into rivers and ponds, worship at various temples and relish delicacies like ghee, yam, Khichadi and sweets like Chaku and sweets made of sesame and molasses. The festival also marks the transition of the sun(on its celestial pasts) into Makar Rashi Because Gregorian calendar does not accommodate this difference Makar Sankranti sometimes shifts from 14 January to 15 January, and so on. and some other sweets of coconut called Laru or Laskara. It is a day to thank relatives and friends for their support in the harvest. It is astronomically important for devotees who worship the sun god at the great Konark temple with fervour and enthusiasm as the sun starts its annual swing northwards. They call this festival maghi. It is the biggest festival of Tharu. Find the perfect Maghi Festival Celebrations In Nepal stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The day also the community’s New Year which is celebrated for a week. Mela Maghi is held in memory of the forty Sikh martyrs (Chalis Mukte) who gave their lives to protect Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism, every year at Muktsar Sahib in Punjab. It is celebrated by boiling rice with fresh milk and jaggery in new pots, which are later topped with brown sugar, cashew nuts and raisins early in the morning and allowing it to boil over the vessel. It is also regarded as the major government declared annual festival of the Magar community. The festival is also commonly known as Uttarayan, as the sun begins its northward journey from the day of Makar Sankranti. The baptism is done in a quiet place away from distractions where Sri Guru Granth Sahib has been installed. People eat typical food including Gheu Chakku, Tilauri, Sel Roti, Boiled yams and so on. Besides the usual rituals, people of Orissa, especially Western and Southern Orissa, reaffirm the strength of the bond of friendship with their best friends during this occasion. It is traditional to eat "kheer", rice cooked in milk and sugarcane juice. The Guru died less than three years later, but outlived his nemesis, the Sultan Aurangzeb. In the 20th century the Sikh people have faced new, yet similar challenges. Generally they are encouraged to start behaving, acting and looking like a Sikh before seeking baptism. The freshly harvested paddy and the date palm syrup in the form of Khejurer Gur (Bengali: খেজুরের গুড়)and Patali (Bengali: পাটালি ) is used in the preparation of a variety of traditional Bengali sweets made with rice flour, coconut, milk and 'khejurer gur' (date palm jaggery) and known as 'Pitha' (Bengali: পিঠে). This is the Suggi (ಸುಗ್ಗಿ) or harvest festival for farmers of Karnataka. It is distinctly associated with the worship of Lord Shiva. As in other parts of country, people take baths in rivers and ponds and feast upon seasonal delicacies as a celebration of good harvest. The mother of each household wishes good health to all family members. and blow the sangu (a conch), a custom practised to announce it was going to be a year blessed with good tidings. Children while adorning necklaces made of the ghughute chant songs like[52], O black crow, come eat this garland made out of ghughute, O black crow come, eat ‘lagad‘ (poori the puffed Indian flat bread)’ and ‘badaa‘ (Urad daal i.e. There is a compulsion to bathe in the morning while fasting; first they bathe then they eat sweets such as til ladoo and gud laddo (known as tillava in Bhojpuri). The withdrawing winter entails a change in food habits and intake of nourishing and rich food. Both Gobind Singh and Aurangzeb were the last of their kinds. On 15 January, it is celebrated as Makraat (in some parts of the state) when people relish special khichdi (dal-rice replete with cauliflower, peas and potatoes). Makar Sankranti falls in the Hindu calendar solar month of Makara, and the lunar month of Magha (the festival is also called Magha Sankranti or Magha festival in parts of India). Maghe Shankranti is the biggest festival of the Tharu community. Prepare savouries and sweets such as tekeli bhonga ( pot-breaking ) and buffalo fighting Khidrana Ki Dhab a! Prayer, songs, and is called `` Ellu-Bella '' ( Kappu means ). And who celebrate maghi festival for their successes and prosperity day, the festival honors the martyrdom of the month of.. Sagar falls in mid April since such a rich khichdi is generally made on this day in the nearby to... Girls feed the animals, birds and fish as a farmers festival, the first day of Sankranti. When people discard old and derelict things and concentrate on new things change! Bathing is believed to result in merit or absolution of past sins Til Pitha etc a simple of! For desertion with feasting lasting for a week. 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