Madhya Pradesh The capital of West Bengal is Calcutta. Traffic Flow for fast moving heavy vehicles, Traffic Flow for fast moving light vehicles. Its official language is Bengali. KoPT also contacted SAIL for 'matching steel' used during its construction in 1943. The two halves of the suspended span, each 282 feet (86 m) long and weighing 2,000 tons, were built in December 1941. If you are planning to visit Howrah Bridge, find Howrah Bridge timings, entry fees, location and other important facts at Goibibo. Howrah Location Howrah is located at 22.59 degree N 88.31 degree E. Howrah lies to the south east of the state of West Bengal and is one of the important districts. They referred the matter to Sir Basil Mott, who proposed a single span arch bridge. You only pay to the guide that you hire for taking you around the beach. Bally is located at and also the northernmost part of Howrah city. [8], The initial construction process of the bridge was stalled due to the World War I, although the bridge was partially renewed in 1917 and 1927. [8] Initially the bridge was periodically unfastened to allow steamers and other marine vehicles to pass through. Howrah Bridge The most novel feature was the removable section which when floated out gave 200 feet clear openings, with a head room of 22 feet, were also provided for smaller crafts. The bridge was erected by commencing at the two anchor spans and advancing towards the center, with the use of creeper cranes moving along the upper chord. The bridge has been subject to damage from vehicles due to rash driving, and corrosion due to atmospheric conditions and biological wastes. Find how to reach Howrah Bridge from your location. Therefore, the city had to depend on the main railway station at Howrah to enter the city. He had recently established the company's rail terminus in Howrah. [8] Insgesamt wurden 27.000 t (26.500 tons) Stahl verbaut, davon wurden 23.500 t von Tata Steel geliefert. [31] The damage was so severe that KoPT requested help from Rendall-Palmer & Tritton Limited, the original consultant on the bridge from UK. On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. Die beiden je 4,6 m (15 ft) breiten Gehwege sind außen an das Fahrbahndeck montiert. It has since been surpassed by three bridges, making it the sixth-longest cantilever bridge in the world in 2013. It consumed 26,500 tons of steel, out of which 23,000 tons of high-tensile alloy steel, known as Tiscrom, were supplied by Tata Steel. It is one of the busiest train stations in the world. Der Überbau wurde im Freivorbau errichtet, beginnend mit den äußeren Ankerträgern, von denen aus die Ausleger mit Hilfe beweglicher Krane über dem Fluss Stück für Stück zusammengenietet wurden. Diaries of George Turnbull held in Cambridge University, England. The anchor arms are 325 feet (99 m) each, while the cantilever arms are 468 feet (143 m) each. Before 1906, the bridge used to be undone for the passage of vessels during daytime only. The Tatas developed the quality of steel required for the bridge and called it Tiscom. [22] One of the main reasons for the overloading was that, although vehicles carrying up to 15 tonnes are allowed on the structure, vehicles with 12-18 wheels and carrying loads up to 25 tonnes often plied on it. Die beiden äußeren, 99,1 m (325 ft) langen Arme dienen zur Verankerung und als Gegengewicht zu den jeweils 142,6 m (468 ft) langen Kragarmen, die von den Pfeilern aus über den Fluss ragen und den 172 m (564 ft) langen Einhängeträger tragen. Distances are measured using a direct path, as the crow flies and the compass direction is shown as well. These joints divide the bridge into segments with vertical pin connection between them to facilitate rotational movements of the deck. The bridge is, more specifically, a suspension type balanced cantilever bridge. The deck system includes cross girders suspended between the pairs of hangers by a pinned connection. Visiting Time & Duration for Howrah Bridge A 2007 report revealed that nearly 90,000 vehicles were plying on the bridge daily (15,000 of which were goods-carrying), though its load-bearing capacity is only 60,000. [8] As the bridge could not handle the rapidly increasing load, the Port Commissioners started planning in 1905 for a new improved bridge. Floor beams are supported transversally on top of the stringers,[6] while themselves supporting a continuous pressed steel troughing system surfaced with concrete. Then in 1926 a commission under the chairmanship of Sir R. N. Mukherjee recommended a suspension bridge of a particular type to be built across the River Hoogly. The roadway on the existing bridge is 48 feet wide except at the shore spans where it is only 43 feet in roadways, each 21 feet 6 inches wide. ", "Flow of Traffic on an average week day (8AM to 8 PM)", "Howrah Bridge and Second Hooghly Bridge: A Comprehensive Comparative Study", "Calcutta icon, painted and lit- October makeover for Howrah bridge", "Scheme to save Calcutta's Howrah Bridge from spit", "A BARGE RAMS INTO THE BRIDGE IN A RARE ACCIDENT", Official Website of Howrah Bridge, maintained by Calcutta Port Trust, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Howrah_Bridge&oldid=991670556, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 71 ft (21.6 m) with two footpaths of 15 ft (4.6 m) on either side. Wegen des Ersten Weltkriegs konnten die Pläne nicht weiter verfolgt werden. [9] In 1946, a census of the daily traffic was taken, which counted 27,400 vehicles, 121,100 pedestrians and 2,997 cattle. There are two main expansion joints, one at each interface between the suspended span and the cantilever arms and there are others at the towers and at the interface of the steel and concrete structures at both approach. Die nächste Brücke ist die mehr als 3 km flussabwärts stehende, 1992 eröffnete Vidyasagar Setu (Second Hooghly Bridge), die wegen ihrer Entfernung und Mautpflicht wenig zur Entlastung der Howrah Bridge beiträgt. Unter dem Fahrbahndeck verbleibt eine lichte Höhe von 8,8 m für die Schifffahrt. Howrah Bridge is a balanced cantilever suspension bridge and has held the fancy of the people ever since its construction. One night, during the process of grabbing out the muck to enable the caisson to move, the ground below it yielded, and the entire mass plunged two feet, shaking the ground. Last but not the least, I go south and stop at the home state of cricketer Sourav Ganguly. [11], Wegen des zunehmenden Verkehrs begann man schon Anfang des 20. Howrah Bridge: Amazing location - See 415 traveler reviews, 542 candid photos, and great deals for Neil Island, India, at Tripadvisor. 7. Howrah is situated next to the City of Joy', Kolkata. [29], On 24 June 2005, a private cargo vessel M V Mani, belonging to the Ganges Water Transport Pvt. [32] For the repair, which cost around ₹5 million (US$70,000), about 8 tonnes of steel was used. The Howrah Bridge is located here. [25], The bridge is also considerably damaged by pedestrians spitting out acidic, lime-mixed stimulants (gutka and paan). The committee eventually decided on a floating bridge. The impediment to shipping would be considerable. [13] Die Bauarbeiten begannen 1936. The beautiful city is associated with art and culture, which is discussed everywhere. Howrah is located on the western bank of the Hooghly river. Bullock carts formed the eight - thirteenths of the vehicular traffic (as observed on 27 August 1906, the heaviest day's traffic observed in the port of Commissioners 16 days' Census of the vehicular traffic across the existing bridge). Die Howrah Bridge ist eine stählerne Fachwerkkonstruktion, die von den beiden auf mächtigen Betonsockeln am Ufer stehenden, 85 m hohen Pfeilerpaaren getragen wird. The first vehicle to use the bridge was a solitary tram. Bis 1992 fuhr auch eine Straßenbahn über die Howrah Bridge. [7][18] The main tower was constructed with single monolith caissons of dimensions 55.31 x 24.8 m[4][19] with 21 shafts, each 6.25 metre square. [27][28] The hangers need those hoods at the base to prevent water seeping into the junction of the cross-girders and hangers, and damage to the hoods can jeopardize the safety of the bridge. howrah bridge is not that difficult to find, once you know where exactly it is located. West Bengal borders the country of Bangladesh. Sie wurde am 14. All the steel that was to come from England were diverted for war effort in Europe. He reported on 19 March, with large-scale drawings and estimates, that:[15]. The order for construction and erection was placed on M/s.Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company in 1939. Two coats of aluminium paint, with a primer of zinc chromate before that, was applied on the bridge, requiring a total of 26,500 litres of paint. [8] On basis of the report, a global tender was floated. [16] From 19 August 1879, the bridge was illuminated by electric lamp-posts, powered by the dynamo at the Mullick Ghat Pumping Station. List of longest bridges above water in India, "Bird droppings gnaw at Howrah bridge frame", "Howrah Bridge – The Bridge without Nuts & Bolts! Also known as Rabindra Setu, it connects Howrah and Kolkata. Large ferry steamers capable of carrying vehicular load (set up cost, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 06:37. Juni 1965 nach dem bengalischen Nationaldichter Rabindranath Tagore benannt, ist aber in der Öffentlichkeit immer noch besser bekannt unter der Bezeichnung Howrah Bridge. There are a total of four bridges namely- Vidysagar Setu bridge, Vivekananda Setu and the Nivedita Setu bridge that was built recently. [citation needed], When commissioned in 1943, Howrah was the 3rd-longest cantilever bridge in the world,[13] behind Pont de Québec (549 metres (1,801 ft)) in Canada and Forth Bridge (521 metres (1,709 ft)) in Scotland. [4] There are total 8 articulation joints, 3 at each of the cantilever arms and 1 each in the suspended portion. The caissons were so designed that the working chambers within the shafts could be temporarily enclosed by steel diaphragms to allow work under compressed air if required. The impact of this was so intense that the seismograph at Kidderpore registered it as an earthquake and a Hindu temple on the shore was destroyed, although it was subsequently rebuilt. Die Howrah Bridge (offiziell: Rabindra Setu, bengalisch: রবনদর সত, Rabīndra setu; deutsch: Rabindra-Brücke) ist die wichtigste Straßenbrücke, welche die beiden indischen Städte Kalkutta (Kolkata) und Howrah über den Hugli (Hooghly) verbindet. Die am Ende der britischen Kolonialzeit in Indien gebaute und 1943 eröffnete Brücke gehört zu den letzten großen Auslegerbrücken außerhalb Nordamerikas, die in Stahlfachwerk gebaut wurden. The Howrah Bridge, at the time of construction, was the third-longest cantilever bridge in the world. The main towers are 280 feet (85 m) high above the monoliths and 76 feet (23 m) apart at the top. Howrah is the main junction station of Eastern and South Eastern Railways. In 1939, Howrah bridge was constructed but it was available to traffic from 1943. Work could not be started as World War I (1914–1918) broke out. [4], The bridge serves as the gateway to Kolkata, connecting it to the Howrah Station, which is one of the five intercity train terminus stations serving Howrah and Kolkata. Engineers say that Kolkata’s landmark Howrah bridge is … Howrah railway station, also known as Howrah Junction, is a railway station located in the city of Howrah, West Bengal, India. The bridge was designed by one Mr. Walton of M/s Rendel, Palmer & Triton. From 31 May 2007 onwards, overloaded trucks were banned from crossing the bridge and were redirected to the Vidyasagar Setu instead. An iconic landmark of Kolkata, Howrah Bridge is a massive steel bridge constructed over the Hooghly River. Nur ein kleiner Teil des benötigten Stahls wurde aus England geliefert, die meisten Träger kamen aus indischen Fabriken. Howrah Bridge also known as Rabindra Setu is a suspension type balanced cantilever bridge located in West Bengal, India. Walton. 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