Try different focusing styles to see what works best for you. However, with more recent Nikon DSLRs, there’s a new and better option that has significantly boosted my keeper rate for birds in flight. Learn how your comment data is processed. With regards to Nikon camera s (I ’ m sure Canon have the same modes, but with different names) some say 3D tracking is best, as the camera will track the bird around the viewfinder. Even then, if you use a fast shutter speed and VR, a tripod isn’t really necessary. Again, the focus system can quickly lose track of the subject unless it’s fairly large in the frame. this tracking is designed to work with matrix metering. Can you offer any comments yet on the D6? Tony Beck on photographing birds in flight. For those situations, the “nearest object” algorithm will cause you to focus on something other than your bird. He resides in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Unless you’re shooting close-ups of pelicans and the like, or tethered birds of prey, it tends to demand shooting small creatures at long distances. In this case, Nikon’s “Group Focus” comprising four central focus points is helping me nail shots I used to miss. Set U1 Preset: 1/1,000 second, Auto ISO 100-1600, F:8, AF-C, 3D Tracking, VR - Off Set U2 as above only with 1/2,000 second I gather that even if I get pretty good at panning, I'll still have best success with one of the dynamic modes or the group mode. For birds in flight. The selected AF sensors move around by magic, saving you the trouble of selecting them! it weakness has always been of tracking dynamic subjects moving directly toward the camera. Combining these techniques with practice and you’ll end-up adding some amazing images to your portfolio. It is a fun challenge to get an image with the subject completely in focus, frozen in the air, and yet with an excellent background. And, the newest digital cameras make it easier than ever to capture high-quality images of this vast subject. ... For example, if you are photographing a white bird among many black birds, the 3D-Tracking system will automatically focus on and track the white bird, even if the bird moves or if you move the camera, letting you compose your shot. I have more control when I set my focus system to Continuous (AF-C), and use only a single point. However, some aspects of nature photography still remain difficult. Some new cameras allow you to group a small number of points together to form a larger focusing area. nikon 3d-tracking has been around on several camera generations; my d3s has it. The popularity of nature photography grows each day. Additional support like a gunstock gives you more surface area to control the movement of your equipment. If you would like to check out some of my recent bird photos, check out my wildlife gallery. You only get this one chance, no one is there to help you, to get the bird in focus in your viewfinder, pan along with the flight of the bird, and nail a shot to reveal the stunning flying pose that's not visible by the naked eyes. Even in good light, shooting faster smaller birds (like the tern or the skimmer) is frustrating with the 300/4 AF-S with TC-17EII attached (and with the 80-400 as well) - it only works if one can acquire focus early and track with the bird (the more predictable the bird flight … Ever. Dynamic AF with a wide grouping (25/72/153 points) works pretty well when your subject is fairly close and against a clean background, but it is still prone to inadvertently locking on to the background. D4, AF-S NIKKOR 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR, 1/1250 of a second shutter speed, f/8, ISO 200. This AF mode has some huge advantages for birders. The number one problem I and others have is focus acquisition. Panning helps you establish a rhythm with your flying subjects. Jason Currently using the D7200 paired with the newest Nikon AF-S 80-400MM F/4.5-5.6G ED VR lense and have not had much success with capturing birds in flight. The autofocus subject-tracking modes of the Z6 are an unfortunate step-down from Nikon’s best-in-breed 3D tracking system implemented on its DSLRs. Although I still find a single point more suitable than a larger group, many photographers prefer systems using more points. For fast and erratic subjects like many birds, you’ll need as much freedom as possible to move around. Beginning with the release of the Nikon D4s and D810 DSLRs, Nikon added a new AF area mode to their autofocus system. The D850 seems to do incredibly well with the 3D Tracking AF mode as well, and this will come in handy for recomposing while tracking fast moving subjects. Simply place the group cluster over the target and activate AF (I use back-button AF). Start by setting your exposure to a fast shutter speed. This helps somewhat to switch between the two quickly. The algorithm in Group Area AF is programmed to choose the nearest subject. This is one setting that you might be changing from time to time especially when your backgrounds change or interfere with the bird’s flight. If your panning is perfectly synchronized with the movement of the bird, your image should be sharp. Complete Guides to Nik Collection Plug-ins, Nikon 14-24mm f/2.8S Lens Hands-on Review. This really works. Follow the bird in your viewfinder while exposing a series of short bursts as it flies past you. Even if you have to raise your ISO, or open up your aperture to create a proper exposure, the priority should be given to a fast shutter. Not once did the camera inadvertently switch to the background when I was using Group Area AF. !” moment on why I was missing shots. Help me help you top wrong player. Some automatic cameras offer a “sports mode,” or “action mode.” This is often depicted with a “running man” icon. Birds are typically energetic, unpredictable, uncooperative, shy, erratic and fast. Nikon Z6II Autofocus Settings For Birds in Flight. Although I like some kind of additional support like a monopod or gunstock, I typically avoid tripods. D3S, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1250 of a second shutter speed, f/8, ISO 400. And that’s when you can see what’s happening on the background. AF-Area mode - Default 9-point-dynamic-AF - I will sometimes change to 3D tracking when shooting birds in flight against the sky. One way to assist this is by “panning”. This is perfect for distant subjects where you don’t want to focus on the background. Tips, news, and special discounts for subscribers. Great video Mark, clear instructions, easy to follow even for someone new to Nikon. You just helped me with a big “huh? Like its successor, the possibility to shooting with live view and no blackouts (thanks to the electronic shutter and super fast sensor readout) makes a difference for birds in flight. Many new cameras offer intelligent auto focusing options like Predictive Focus Tracking or 3D tracking that follow your subject as you press the shutter. I’ve learned a thing or three having used the Nikon Z6II shooting birds in flight these past few weeks. Jason P. Odell is a professional photographer and photo tour leader. Never miss another shot. You therefore need all the telephoto power you can lay your hands on. I’ll be the first to admit that I’ve struggled with photographing birds in flight for years. You’ve successfully subscribed to Nikon’s Learn & Explore newsletter. For birds in flight I find that the Group AF on the D500 is incredibly good. Nothing gets the adrenaline rushing when you see a beautiful and elusive bird flying by. December 8, 2020. I do have my D500 set up to use group area points (assigned to Preview button) as well as single point (BBF), but have not been using it (up until now, after reading this article) for initial focus acquisition. By clicking Sign Up, you are opting to receive promotional emails from Nikon Inc. You can update your preferences or unsubscribe any time. When I shot with the D5, the 3D tracking AF mode seemed like it could read your mind and kept whatever you locked onto tack sharp even with extremely fast moving subjects. Nikon DSLRs have long offered two different focus point settings. I too have a Nikon D500. I use the new AF-S NIKKOR 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR. With birds in flight (BIFs), the ideal situation is to lock focus early while the animal is still at distance, track the approaching bird, and then capture a rapid burst of shots when the bird begins to fill the frame. Also see my post on my initial D850 setup here. Although I managed a handful of keepers on the Z6, I felt like I was constantly fighting with a … I haven't read about anyone finding the 3D tracking mode to be useful for BIF. The best images happen when you synchronize your own rhythms and movements with those of the flying bird. Forgive me if someone has already made this observation. Your email address will not be published. The other challenge is when the bird drops below a background object such as trees or a mountain ridge. It was terrible trying to track a bird in flight against a cluttered background. The good news is Nikon did a lot more than just copy this one feature from Sony—the update also improved the cameras’ AF tracking and even changed the way subject tracking … When shooting without a tripod, make sure to activate your Vibration Reduction if your lens has it. I'm really curious how 3D tracking relates realistically to regular 51 pt dynamic area … Panning helps you establish a rhythm with your flying subjects. Jason has been a full-time photographer since 2010, and holds a Ph.D. in biology from the University of California, Riverside. Switch to single-point or Dynamic Area AF (9 or 25 point) in those conditions. First, when birds are very far away, it’s often hard for the camera to discern the difference between the subject and the background. When you’re confident the bird is in focus, blast off a number of frames as you continue to follow the bird. If your lens has Vibration Reduction (VR), make sure it’s activated. This freezes the action, and prevents any camera shake from softening the image. The other focus option is what Nikon calls “dynamic” AF mode. Now, all you have to do is find a few birds to photograph. But, for energetic animals, they will restrict your movement and prevent you from establishing a fluid rhythm. I too use back button for focusing …having played around with the settings and I have realised that when I use the AF-C be it single point of dynamic the FPS drops down significantly. Often times the camera will focus on the background instead of the bird. It’s like a dance where your photographic subject is your partner. My Wildlife Bird in Flight experience with the Nikon Z6 mounted on a Nikkor 400mm ED FL f/2.8 with and without a 1.4 TC. D700, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1000 of a second shutter speed, f/7.1, ISO 400. Many ducks, gulls and geese in your local park will be very happy to model for you. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I found over the years (and talking with other bird photographers) that 1/2,000 second will stop pretty much every large birds wings in flight. Sign in or create an account to access your information. Normally, single point works pretty well. I am using Olympus OMD EM1 MK II and found it useful to have two ready settings to switch - aperture priority for perched birds and 'Ma' as you call it for birds in flight. If you want to fill the frame with your subject, use something larger than 200mm. Follow the bird in your viewfinder while exposing a series of short bursts as it flies past you. I will only use a tripod if the bird poses for me. Well after taking dozens of shots of a barn owl on the hunt yesterday, and being dismayed and how many I missed focus on (fast bird!) D3S, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1000 of a second shutter speed, f/8, ISO 200. Overall kit is excellent so it may be just the weight of the whole package or maybe menu settings. In the end you will become more proficient with your camera and panning technique, which is what really helps you capture those birds in flight. With 3D tracking, you may prefer always to focus with the middle sensor, and then move the camera to recompose. AF-C mode continues to focus on the bird as you follow it along its path. Birds-in-flight are particularly challenging. The Nikonians Wildlife Photography forum has a vast number of superb images of Birds in Flight (aka "BIF") and you will surely be tempted to try it out. To see more of Tony's photography, visit his website at. Achieving top-quality images here requires much awareness and some special camera techniques. Anywhere between 300mm and 400mm works well for flying birds. On the D 800 and D810, I usually chose Long or Off. Thanks to its superb build quality, proven ergonomics, insanely fast autofocus system and a huge buffer, the Nikon D500 earned its spot as a top Nikon DSLR for action photography. First, you no longer need to place a single point on your subject. The key is to keep tracking the bird, or maintain the autofocus, long enough that you start to feel comfortable and in control. Since firmware 2.0, Wide-Area AF includes nearest-subject priority. Now whats the point of calling in a 10fps camera when in reality is shoot 5-6fps on AF-C. Changing between modes is relatively easy but does required 2 hands, one to … When this happens, you need to quickly re-cycle the focus system (pump the focus). However, with moving subjects it can be nearly impossible to keep the active focus point on the subject. Your guide to field tested Nikon Z6II autofocus settings for wildlife photography. You also have an excellent 24MP full frame sensor, two SD card slots, weather sealing and great battery life. In dynamic AF, you select the primary AF point just as you would in single-point mode, but you can expand the range of active points from 9 up to 153 points across the viewfinder, depending on the model of your camera. Tracking the erratic movement of birds in flight is also notoriously difficult. The best advice I can give is to go out to your local park and track some flying ducks. I hope to get some opportunities to photograph birds in flight, and I've read a lot about AF modes on my Nikon bodies (D750 and a D500). Mis-focusing occurs most often when the subject is small in the frame, or when it drops below the tree line. closed-down aperture also reduced the success rate. Since I always use back button focusing, with focus assigned to … I use the 3D mode for sports, running animals and birds in flight if Auto Select isn't working for me. On my last two birding safaris, Group Area AF worked like magic. They are great for stationary subjects. For me, my struggles have always been two-fold. With your autofocus on "Continuous" mode, birds should remain in focus as they fly into your viewfinder. I too have my buttons customized for AF modes but with one slight difference. D3S, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1250 of a second shutter speed, f/8, ISO 400. I had thought group area was more for *maintaining* focus, such as on a flying bird. It seems now that the largest group area selection is the best, but I still find that if the birds are not in the center, it will never gain focus unless it is pumped, hard to do in the heat of the moment! African Fish Eagle – With your autofocus on "Continuous" mode, birds should remain in focus as they fly into your viewfinder. For me, my struggles have always been two-fold. I recently switched to Nikon from Canon and am finding the AF system in the D850 (which is the same in the D5 and D500) is the best I’ve ever used for birds in flight. D850 Bird In Flight (BIF) Settings. Focusing is critical for sharp images. Ideally, it should be 1/1000 of a second (or faster). Keep your camera steady. After pounding my brain on D7100 camera settings I have done the following. Try out the different autofocus patterns and see what works best for you. Mayslake Nature Study & Photography Club – February 3, 2014 Nikon Camera Settings for Photographing Birds in Flight and Other Fast Moving Animals Duane Heaton 847-358-5856 dheaton19@comcast.net Page 3 of 5 I’ve almost stopped using “3D-tracking”, but I still keep it in mind as an option if the right situation Great Blue Heron in Flight NIKON D700 @ 420mm, ISO 500, 1/2000, f/5.6. I’m pleased to offer private online training and image review sessions for my clients. The popularity of nature photography grows each day. It is different than other Nikon bodies I own, D800 and D810. Knowing how well the D500 performs I hoped Nikon Z6 would rise to the standards of the D500 for tracking fast-moving birds. Now, there will be many differing opinions on what autofocus modes to use for birds in flight. If it’s set to “Focus + Release” or “Release + Focus” the frame rate will drop if the AF system needs to re-acquire the subject. Check to see what your AF-C settings are in the custom menu (A group). With the shutter release pressed halfway, you'll see in the viewfinder the lens continuously maintain focus as … This mode defaults to a fast shutter, perfect for fast-action wildlife photography. A3, Focus tracking with lock on, is another important setting, or series of settings. The following Nikon DSLRs offer the new Group Area AF mode: Thanks for this. My Bird In Flight Settings For The D850 Nikon Approved Lenses ISO Comparisons My Buffer Findings My Settings For Focus Shift Shooting (Focus Stacking) Some Sample Photos. Telephoto lenses work best with most wildlife. It’s versatile, lightweight and fast enough to get the sharp images I demand. One of the questions I am getting a LOT is about bird-in-flight (BIF) settings. Hi Brian, great article about shooting modes for bird photography. It uses a group of sensors to in effect provide one large sensor that focusses on the nearest point which is the flying bird. Simply find the bird in your frame, and follow it as it flies. Nikon’s professional-grade D500 DSLR is one of the top choices among many sports and wildlife photographers. This is perfect for birds in flight because the camera tries to stay on the near subject reduces the probability of accidentally locking onto a background object. Jason’s photography has been featured by Nik Software, Tiffen, Studio Photography Magazine, Wildlife Photographic Magazine, Singh- Ray Filters, and Digital Silver Imaging. I hope you can find it useful. For birds in flight, I recommend switching to one of the Wide-Area AF patterns. D3S, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1000 of a second shutter speed, f/8, ISO 200. Single-point AF is the most accurate option, because the camera focuses only on whatever the active AF point is placed on. It may work better for birds separated against the sky, not tried that yet. By clicking Sign Up, you are opting to receive promotional emails from Nikon Canada Inc. You can update your preferences or unsubscribe any time. That’s why I put together this short post about my birds in flight camera settings. The downside of Group Area AF is when your subject is close and you want to accurately focus on the subject’s eye, or when your subject has branches or other objects in front of it. Called “Group Area AF,” this mode creates one large AF point from a cluster of five smaller points. using single point (it just was not locking on), I will definitely try group focus for initial focus acquisition on flying birds in the future! As soon as you realize that you are following the bird by keeping the autofocus point (s) on the bird, your mind frees up for other things. Jason specializes in nature, landscape, and travel photography. Keep in mind that bigger birds are easier to photograph than small ones. In bird photography, knowing how to prepare your camera for bird photography is super important. An invaluable feature for sports, action and wildlife photography, 3D focus tracking, available in select Nikon D-SLRs, automatically shifts the focus point to follow the movement of the subject. Your email address will not be published. Learn lens recommendations and field-proven settings in this article. Sign up for Learn & Explore emails and receive inspiring, educational and all around interesting articles right in your inbox. I came to this camera after stints with D3, D4, D4s D850 and more recently the D6. Note - While I have used Nikon terms throughout, the concepts are universal across similarly specified brands. “Normal Mode” should be adequate if you’re standing on solid ground. He has authored 13 comprehensive photography guides, including guides to Nikon’s Capture NX, Adobe Photoshop Lightroom and Nik Plug-ins. I was able to track flying birds hand-held even when they dropped below the trees in the background. With birds in flight (BIFs), the ideal situation is to lock focus early while the animal is still at distance, track the approaching bird, and then capture a rapid burst of shots when the bird begins to fill the frame. Required fields are marked *. I will never share your email address with anyone. I love photographing BIF (birds-in-flight). As it flies past you all you have to do is find a point... Freezes the action, and follow it along its path nikon 3d tracking birds in flight 3d-tracking has been around on camera. Is super important keep the active AF point from a cluster of smaller... Saving you the trouble of selecting them Nikon 3d-tracking has been around several... Or gunstock, I usually chose Long or Off receive inspiring, and... ” AF mode has some huge advantages for birders shots I used to.. Target and activate AF ( 9 or 25 point ) in those.... 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Practice and you ’ re standing on solid ground I and others have is focus acquisition useful for BIF,! Emails from Nikon Inc. you can see what’s happening on the bird in your frame, or of... I was using group Area AF you therefore need all the telephoto you! The movement of your equipment prefer always to focus on the D6 d700, AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D with... ’ ve struggled with photographing birds in flight these past few weeks than small ones with 3D tracking that your... For my clients like magic has Vibration Reduction if your lens has it d4, D4s and. Is perfectly synchronized with the movement of your equipment dynamic subjects moving directly toward the camera inadvertently switch to or! Second ( or faster ) photography, visit his website at you no longer to... You the trouble of selecting them the shutter you establish a rhythm with your flying.. Includes nearest-subject priority 300mm f/4D IF-ED with 1.4 teleconverter, 1/1250 of a second shutter speed,,... My recent bird photos, check out some of my recent bird photos, check some... Quickly re-cycle the focus system to Continuous ( AF-C ), make sure to activate your Reduction! Mark, clear instructions, easy to follow even for someone new to Nikon ’ like...
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