As a result, the existence of ethnic and national diversity in the country has remained a sensitive issue. They would put on a cloak or wrap during the colder days of the winter months. Contact Us:  Suggest a Site - General Comments, See Our New Picture Site Crossroads Home Decor. The sea and mountains provided some negative effects on Greece, and the sea and climate were also very positive effects on the development of Greece. Its summers were hot and dry. The forested zones, especially in the north, harbour such European mammals as wildcats, martens, brown bears, roe deer, and, more rarely, wolves, wild boars, and lynx. Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. Regions around the Pindus Mountains experience frigid cold winters with snow due to their proximity to the towering mountains. Greece – Geography and Climate Greece is a country located in southeastern Europe. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Most of the country has a Mediterranean climate. Greece Facts | Greece Geography. Greek Climate and Physical Geography. With no rivers that could be used for boats (because rivers would dry up in the hot summer and be overflowing during the winter), transportation on the sea was very important to the Greeks. The country is situated on the Balkan peninsula. Fun information about Greece's climate, currency and famous people from there are included in this fact file. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. The temple of Aphaea, Aíyina (Aegina), Greece. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkans, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Overall the geography of Greece had a major affect on the civilization. Low Temp: 44 °F. The country is mostly sunny throughout the year. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. The Greek mainland is extremely mountainous, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean. Photograph by F8grapher, Dreamstime The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze kept temperatures at a comfortable level. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. This lesson covers the following topics: In all seasons—perhaps especially in summer—the quality of light is one of Greece’s most appealing attractions. Partly as a result, Thessaloníki (Salonika; Thessalonica) has an average January temperature in the low 40s F (about 6 °C), while in Athens it is in the low 50s F (about 10 °C), and in Iráklieo (Candia) on Crete it is in the low to mid-50s F (about 12 °C). The average yearly rainfall ranged from twenty to fifty inches, with the majority coming during the winter months. Greece is home to about 6,000 species of wildflowers, of which some 600 are endemic. Birds include owls, vultures, pelicans, storks, and herons, and many varieties from farther north spend the winter in Greece, while others stop on Greek land and water while migrating to and from Africa. Please see Pictures Galleries for Royalty Free images for Educational uses. Vegetation types from central Europe prevail on the mountain flanks and generally in the north. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Greece had mild and rainy winters. High Temp: 93 °F. 1. In central and southern regions and in the narrow belts along the valleys of the mountains, about half the land is under scrub of various kinds; and maquis—the classic Mediterranean scrub, with oleander, bay, evergreen oak, olive, and juniper—is especially prevalent in the Pelopónnisos. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea. However, due to the country's unique geography, Greece has a remarkable range of micro-climates and local variations. Precipitation: 1.25". Athens has a typical Meditteranean climate, which means hot and dry summers and mild winters. In this geography skills worksheet, students respond to 6 short answer questions about Greece's climate, landforms, and places of interest. Ancient Greece We begin to look at the geography of ancient Greece by examining how Greeks lived on their farms, why they traded, road systems, and the plant life that ancient Greece had. The record highest temperatures in the country were recorded in Tatoi and Elefsin… In terms of human geography, Greece can be described as “classical Mediterranean” and “Balkan.” History, rather than the physical environment , accounts for the variations in settlement patterns, social composition , and demographic trends that cannot be explained by differentiating between “Old Greece” and the territories annexed in the early 20th century. Greek expatriate communities play a distinctive role in Europe, North and South America, Australia, and South Africa. Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. Geography has always had a great influence on Greece and its inhabitants. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. To learn more about the climate and geography of ancient Greece, review the corresponding lesson called How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life. The peninsula of ancient Greece had a Mediterranean geography in ancient Greece climate. Ancient Greek mosaic showing the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins. As in other Balkan countries, the vegetation of Greece is open to influences from several major biogeographic zones, with the major Mediterranean and western Asian elements supplemented by plants and animals from the central European interior. The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. This icy wind is known as the boreas. The geography that had the most affect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Find out about Greek geography with Peter Sommer Travels. Greece has a climate all its own. The form of Greek known as Tsakonian is different enough from other varieties that it could be considered a separate language too, and a similar claim could be made for the Pontic variety and the Cappadocian variety as spoken now in Greece (these last two occurring in Greece as a result of the population movements mandated by the Treaty of Lausanne). In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. The history of ancient Greece is in many ways the story of how environment and geography shaped the ways that communities and individuals interacted with each other. Athens daytime summer temperature averages 90°F and often exceeds 100°F for periods in July-August. The Lowlands: Rocky and Uneven Soil, Climate and Farming: Summers were hot and dry, and winter were mild and windy. Migrations, invasions, imperial conquests, and 20th-century wars all contributed to this cultural diversity, which continues to characterize modern Greece—in spite of several instances of population exchanges, which occurred as a result of treaties between Greece and Bulgaria in 1919 and between Greece and Turkey in 1923, along with long-standing government policies of assimilation, or Hellenization. Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Ellada, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, also known as Hellas, is a country located in Southeast Europe.Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is its largest and capital city, followed by Thessaloniki. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder. Greece - Greece - Climate: The Mediterranean climate of Greece is subject to a number of regional and local variations based on the country’s physical diversity. Which is very warm compared to our Start studying Geography of Greece & Italy: Compare/Contrast (LT #2). They were traders 3. Greek is the language of the majority of Cyprus’s population, and enclaves of Greeks—as defined by the language they speak—are to be found to different degrees in southern Albania, southern Italy, Turkey, and Bulgaria. You can use this great fact file in Geography lessons to teach your KS2 class key points about Greece. As the climate inland was arid and difficult to work with, whereas the coastal climate was mild, many communities formed around the coast. It rarely snows (usually every 3-4 years) and some rainfalls may occur in autumn. Greece is well known for the thousands of islands dotting the three seas that surround the country. Modern Greek comprises Standard Modern Greek and the various regional dialects. Agora     Architecture     Greek City States     Climate and Geography     Law Enforcement, Money     Olympics    Traveling Town to Town. 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