Riders must be at least 15 years old to operate the e-bike. Of which, at least eight, including Arizona, Idaho, Illinois, Oklahoma, Texas, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming, have enacted specific e-bike laws without such requirements. § 42-1-102 (28.5); § 42-4-1412; § 42-4-111, For more information on Connecticut’s electric bike laws, click here: Public Act 18 – 165 (HB 5313, 2018 Session), For more information on Delaware’s electric bike laws, click here: Del. § 340.01; § 346.806, For more information on Wyoming’s electric bike laws, click here: W.S. E-bikes are allowed on bike paths but are not permitted on sidewalks. Significantly, federal law only specifies the maximum speed that the e-bike can travel under motor power alone. Figure 1: Map: States that Define an Electric Bicycle, Three-Tiered E-Bike Classification System. § 39:1-1, P.L.1951; c.23, Title 39. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks and bike paths. For any questions about the State’s bike laws, or about your rights to the road, contact attorney Peter Wilborn directly.. 31-5-102, W.S. State legislatures have begun to grapple with how to differentiate and define e-bikes and regulate their operation and equipment standards on roadways and trails in their respective states. In Maine, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. Gen. Laws ch. Rhode Island defines e-bikes as “electric motorized bicycles.” These e-bikes have a maximum power output of 1491w, and a top speed of 25 mph with fully operable pedals. The state of Delaware defines an electric bicycle as a “bicycle.” As long as the motor is under 750w, has a maximum speed of 20 mph, and has operable pedals, the electric bike falls into the bicycle category. Overall, at least six states—Alabama, Alaska, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico and  North Dakota—require a license to operate an e-bike, typically because they still fall under the designation of another motorized vehicle classification with licensure and registration requirements and have not had a distinct e-bike law created. 31-5-702, W.S. E-bikes do not have to follow the same rules of the road as traditional bicycles. General Operation. Electric bicycles: State law defines three classes of e-bikes and specifies where and how each can be ridden. 7700 East First Place Bike paths are not specifically mentioned under the law; therefore it’s best to consult with your local authority or agency for clarification. Law § 11-117.1, 11-104, 21-1205.1, 21-1205.2, 22-420. Stat. Helmets are not required to operate an electric bicycle. 31-1-101, W.S. Stat. People for Bikes, a foundation and advocacy group promoting the safety, accessibility, and general fun of bike riding, created a useful resource for e-bike riders. 31-1-101, W.S. This website uses cookies to analyze traffic and for other purposes. In 2015, Birmingham, Ala., unveiled a citywide bike-share system with 100 e-bikes in the fleet of 400 bikes, in the hopes the program will attract more novice riders. 21 § 1-101(2); tit. However, there is a minimum age requirement of 16 for e-bike riders. However, Class 3 electric bikes are not permitted on bicycle trails, paths, or multi-use trails or paths. SOUTH CAROLINA BICYCLE LAWS—ARTICLE 27. Florida State Electric Bike Laws How does Florida define what an electric bike is? E-Bikes now will be allowed if: they include operable pedals, speed limit of 20 mph under power, motor rated at no more than 750 watts (1 hp), no more than 3 wheels, weight not more than 100 pounds, and not to be operated by persons under 16 years old. E-bikes are allowed on sidewalks and bike paths. Also, laws differ in each state, making it difficult to supply one simple answer as to where you can ride your electric mountain bike. §§ 8-1489, 8-1592B, For more information on Kentucky’s electric bike laws, click here: Ky Admin. 1. Reasons for purchasing an e-bike vary, with some looking for a cheap commuting mode and others looking for a less physically demanding bicycle option or help bicycling through hilly areas. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Code tit. All 26 states with a three-tiered classification system require an e-bike to be affixed with a label that states the classification number, top-assisted speed and motor wattage. In other words, the manufacturing and first sale of an e-bike is regulated by the federal government, but its operation on streets and bikeways lies within a state’s control. In the remaining states, electric bicycles lack a specific definition and may be included within another vehicle class such as “moped” or “motorized bicycle.”. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, State Electric Bicycle Laws | A Legislative Primer, In Mississippi, there is no clear designation for an electric bicycle, but an, Copyright 2020 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Veh. E-bike riders should consult with their local government to determine if e-bikes are permitted on bike paths. You must be at least 16 years of age to ride a Class 3 electric bicycle, unless riding as a passenger. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Low-speed e-bikes are as safe and sturdy as traditional bicycles and move at speeds similar to conventional bikes. An e-bike is a bicycle with a small electric motor of not more than 750 watts (one horsepower) which assists in the operation of the bicycle and reduces the physical exertion demands on the rider. 90-1, ch. tit. In 2011, the University of Tennessee-Knoxville launched the country’s first electric bicycle sharing system, with two bike-share stations on their campus. Riding on the Roadway. Cent. Regular bicycles have to obey traffic laws, as do people on horses, or even pedestrians. § 42-1-102 (28.5); § 42-4-1412; § 42-4-111. Laws §§ 257.32b, 257.216, 257.312a, 257.801e, 750.419. : Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph. However, there is a minimum age requirement of 16 to operate an e-bike. E-bikes may have two or three wheels and must have fully operable pedals. While the Asian and European e-bike markets are more robust, industry advocates hope to continue to expand U.S. e-bike sales.. Keep in mind that local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of e-bikes using motor power while on bike paths. Helmets are required for both riders and passengers of Class 3 e-bikes who are under the age of 18. These devices must still register with the state Motor Vehicle Commission and riders must also be at least 15, have a valid license, insurance and wear a helmet. Code § 9-13-2, 9-21-11-13.1, 14-8-2-185, For more information on Iowa’s electric bike laws, click here: Iowa Code § 321.1, For more information on Kansas’ electric bike laws, click here: Kan. Stat. Since electric bike laws are constantly changing, it can be difficult to keep up with all of the rules, even for expert riders. You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. ), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.” The federal law permits e-bikes to be powered b… For more information on Georgia’s electric bike laws, click here: Ga. Code § 12-13-114 40-1-1, 40-6-294, 40-6-300, 40-6-301, 40-6-302, 40-6-303, 40-6-351, 40-6-352. In Florida, an electric bicycle falls under the definition of a “bicycle” as long as it is capable of being operated by human power and has a maximum speed of 20 mph. Class 3 e-bikes are only allowed on designated roadways and designated bike lanes. Both Class 1 and 2 e-bikes are allowed on bicycle paths. Stat. Helmets are not required for electric bicycle riders. A helmet is required while operating an electric bicycle, and there is a minimum age requirement of 16 to legally operate an e-bike. From helmet and motor requirements to licensing and insurance, we’ll walk you through the can’s and can’t’s around e-bikes where you live. Trans. In Hawaii, an electric bike is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.” The maximum speed on a paved level surface when powered solely by a motor must be less than 20 mph. E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks. Otherwise, the study found little or no difference with regards to risk or actual conflicts. Electric bicycle riders are not required to wear a helmet. Some versions (e.g., if capab… § 20-4.01 (7a & 49), For more information on North Dakota’s electric bike laws, click here: N.D. In Alberta prior to July 1, 2009, the limits were 750 W and 35 km/h (22 mph), but presently match federal legislation. What is an e-bike? E-bikes are not required to meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to. Electric bicycles are regulated the same as traditional bicycles. All electric bicycle riders are required to wear helmets. Class 3 electric bicycle riders are required to wear helmets. It’s important to note that certain counties and cities have their own electric bike laws in place, so you may need to visit your local DMV or city hall for further information on local e-bike laws and restrictions. § 39:1-1, P.L.1951; c.23, Title 39, For more information on New Mexico’s electric bike laws, click here: N.M. Stat. Rev. MGL c.85 § 11E Cyclist stopped for a traffic law must give his name and address; ticketing procedure is same as that for motor vehicles in MGL c.90C. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. For more information on Arizona’s electric bike laws, click here: Ariz. Rev. Stat. In Colorado, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. For more information on Iowa’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Kansas defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. Since e-bikes are categorized as mopeds, they are subject to meeting the same licensing and insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles. A helmet is required while operating an electric bicycle. The third e-bike design classified in AB 1096 is similar to Type 1 e-bikes, but these pedal-operated bikes can reach a max speed of 28 mph. This primer deals specifically with low-speed electric bicycles as defined by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. It’s important to familiarize yourself with your state’s e-bike laws. In Illinois, an electric bicycle is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.” Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. Op. E-bikes also provide a new transportation and recreation option for people with disabilities and those with physical limitations. For more information on Nebraska’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Nevada defines an e-bike as an “electric bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 750w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. Helmets are required for anyone under the age of 18 who operates or rides as a passenger on a Class 3 electric bicycle. For more information on Ohio’s electric bike laws, click here: Ohio Rev. Refining more recent e-bike laws that could benefit from further clarification and detail. §259:6, 259:27, 265:144-a, In New Jersey, an e-bike is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.”. Code §§ 63-3-103, 63-7-51(2), For more information on Missouri electric bike laws, click here: Mo Rev. The state defines three classes of e-bikes. 23 § 4 (45)(B); tit. 21 § 1-101(2); tit. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. Seventy-two percent of those trips are currently made by cars and fewer than 2 percent by bicycle. It is helpful to understand the status of E-bike laws in your state. §§ 32:1(41), 32:401(19), 32:198, 32:190, 32:203; 47:501, For more information on Maine’s electric bike laws, click here: Me. For more information on New Jersey’s electric bike laws, click here: N.J. Rev. (a) A person operating a bicycle shall ride only on or astride a permanent and regular seat attached to the bicycle. The law defined a low-speed electric bicycle as “A two- or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p. Minnesota Statute 169.222, Subdivision 6(b) The driver of an electric-assisted bicycle must be at least 15 years old. You may need a drivers license to ride an e-bike, or maybe not, depending on the exact wording of your local state motor vehicle statutes. No one under the age of 14 is allowed to ride a Class 3 electric bicycle, unless riding as a passenger. Right to the Road It’s best to check with your town, city, our county for clarification on local electric bicycle rules and regulations. However, they cannot be operated on sidewalks designated for pedestrian use, unless noted otherwise. Of the 43 states and D.C. that define e-bikes, some state laws, such as in Arizona, Minnesota, Utah and Washington, specifically allow e-bike operation on facilities such as bicycle paths or greenways, with the caveat that many carve out exceptions for localities to enact stricter operation regulations on such bike and pedestrian facilities. Code § 9-13-2, 9-21-11-13.1, 14-8-2-185. For more information on Pennsylvania’s electric bike laws, click here: Senate Bill 997; 75 Pa. Cons. Class 1, 2, and 3 e-bikes and electric mountain bicycles (eMTBs) are allowed on approximately 60,000 miles or nearly 40 percent of trails on national forests and grasslands. Stat. Richmond, Va., will be unveiling an electric bicycle sharing system soon. 47 § 1-134; tit. For more information on Washington’s electric bike laws, click here: RCW 2 46.04.169, 46.04.071, 46.20.500, 46.61.710 and 46.37. Local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of e-bikes using motor power while on bike paths. E-bikes are permitted to be on bike paths but are not allowed on sidewalks. E-bikes are prohibited from being operated on sidewalks and bike paths. Stat. For more information on Montana’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Nebraska defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 750w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. In Mississippi, there is no clear designation for an electric bicycle, but an attorney general opinion indicates that an electric bicycle would be considered a bicycle. Rev. Codified Laws § 32-20B, § 32-3-1, § 32-20-1; § 32-35-1, § 32-38-2, § 26-21.1. E-bikes are emissions-free, low impact and operate silently. The state of Oregon defines an e-bike as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. E-bikes are permitted to be on bike paths. In Delaware, Iowa and Nebraska, electric bicycles are defined within the existing definition of a bicycle, therefore there is not a distinction when it comes to operation on trails. E-bikes are not required to meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to. 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