Reservation, a form of quota-based affirmative action. Some people in India adore this culture while some detest it. Some says that “It is needed for the upliftment of underprivileged”, while some says that “It is the upliftment of over-privileged on the basis of caste”.
The term seems to be in doldrums. The rule that was set after independence for a period of ten years didn’t complete its period till date. It was made with the belief that underprivileged will come good, but why it is still there? The answer can be that all under privileged didn’t come good and still some are in need of this system. But why they didn’t come up?? A question which need an answer.
For many years Politicians’ have used this tool as a driving force to attract the voters because People in India “DO NOT CASTE THEIR VOTE, THEY VOTE THEIR CASTE”. We still live in that Insecurity that other can’t be good. Here are some statistics that proved that this system isn’t proving its worth and need reformation.
- Yadav’s are ruling the roost in Bihar and UP and are also included in OBC category.
- Muslims which represent 20% of Indian population are dominating in Kashmir while in many parts they are at the lower strata of the society. They are left out of reservation
- Jat – a community mostly found in northern India is a dominant one in Haryana and Rajasthan but still included in OBC (Other Backward caste) list. While the community is prime holder of the land in these two states. This clearly indicates that reservation extended to them is purely political instead of social.
- In India most of the scholarships or student aid is available only for OBC’s, SC, ST, BC, Women, Minorities & Muslims. As per Rediff Labs, only 0.7% of scholarships or student aid in India is based on merit.
- Maharashtra has 52% reservation in educational institutions and government jobs. The government of Maharashtra added Marathas (16%) and some Muslim subcastes (5%) to the reservation in 2014 but the move was rejected by Bombay High Court later. If this reservation to Maratha implemented, it will leave the remaining 23% to General/Open category.
- Nothing is so far from truth like the Minas who are included in the ST’s reservation category. And we all know how many Minas there are in bureaucratic circles.
All the above facts depict one thing that this system based on caste is damned because a girl born in Brahman doesn’t make him rich nor a boy born in Dalit doesn’t make him Poor.
It is only politics of reservation because of which to this day casteism is still prevalent in most of India. The parties who do not want to let it go because they fear that by loosing this powerful policy frame-work they might lose their vote base. The agenda of casteism should be replaced by the agenda of development which is basically the requirement of the day. The first and foremost requirement for India is to educate its people -the current efforts at which are lacking. Reservation benefits those who are above 18 yrs and hence can vote. That is the sole reason why there is more stress on reservation and not on education. There is no need for it for a person who is rightly educated because he can have the ability to create jobs for others also. Now the time has come to discard this policy and start a new India with new vision.
It is time to focus on education and reservations of a different nature, not caste-based.Drop down your views over this system irrespective of caste from which you belong.