Ginger is a unique representative of flora. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF GINGER. The name ginger is said to be derived from the Gingi district in India, where tea made from ginger is used for stomach upsets. Chemical composition of ginger oil . 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.550-553.1666. This particularly chemical is not too distant from capsaicin, the compound that gives chillies their spiciness, and piperine, found in black pepper. It adds a strong, pungent flavour to dishes as a consequence of a number of chemical compounds it contains; additionally, these compounds are altered when the ginger is cooked or dried, producing alterations to its flavour. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as cassumunar-ginger, is a folk remedy for the treatment of inflammations, sprains, rheumatism and asthma. Extraction. Isolation and identification of the five major sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of ginger. dissertation. Ginger contains form 0.25 to 3 percent of volatile oil of light yellow colour. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity for different extracts of ginger by investigating its effects on inhibition of biological activity of bacteria and fungi. Part I: Data Sheets. The antioxidant components analysed were polyphenols, vitamin C, β carotene, flavonoids and tannins. Ginger's Chemical Composition The mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols is behind the special smell and flavor that distinguish ginger. There is a separate discussion of essential oils from India, China, and … It’s worth mentioning that the majority of studies looking at the anti-tumour activity of [6]-gingerol have been carried out in mouse models, rather than in humans, so whilst the results are promising, it remains to be seen whether results of the same significance will be observed in humans. Accepted 13 October, 2010 The chemical composition and antioxidant activity (in aqueous and solvent extracts) of Ginger root (Zingiber officinale) were determined. SPME/GC-MS characterization of volatile compounds of Chinese traditional-chopped pepper during fermentation. It is a strong smelling oil - spicy, sharp, warm and with a hint of lemon and pepper, which smells of actual ginger. There are many chemical compounds in ginger.The most important chemical compound in ginger is an alkaloid called Zingiberene. Whilst these may be the primary compounds in fresh ginger, when ginger is cooked, the story changes. When the ginger is heated or dried, gingerols are transformed into different compounds, which can alter both the flavour and pungency. essential oil, a review on its composition and bioactivity. This helps explain why dried ginger has a greater pungency than fresh ginger. As ginger has more than 400 different chemical constituents, it is good to look for whole root extracts as opposed to a single extract like gingerol, adds Dr Murthy. Some of these compounds have also been investigated for potential health benefits, including potential anti-tumour activity. The resulting powdered sample was subjected to phytochemical tests. This research work was focused on two important spices, i.e., ginger and cumin. Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants. Ginger and cumin both are recognized for their antioxidant properties. Ginger composition before drying were 1.81% ash, 7.85% fat, 3.06% protein, 9% fiber, and 8.18% carbohydrate. Chemical composition, phytochemical and antioxidant activity from extract of Etlingera elatior flower from Indonesia Askal Maimulyanti, Anton Restu Prihadi Abstract The flower of Etlingera elatior (torch ginger) is widely used in traditional medicine and as a flavour in food was extracted. Chemical Composition Ginger contains approximately 50% carbohydrates, 9% protein and free amino acids, 6-8 % fatty acids and triglycerides, 3-6% ash, and 3-6% crude Lab tests on human cancer cells have also shown that [6]-shogaol may inhibit cancer growth for ovarian cancer. Of these, zingiberene is the most dominant, making up 30% of the root’s essential oil, whilst other contributors to the characteristic flavour of ginger include ß-sesquiphelandrene and ar-curcumene. The chemical components of an edible spice, sweet ginger (Alpinia coriandriodora D. Fang) essential oil (AEO) were identified by an ultra‐fast gas chromatography electronic nose (E‐nose) and the main components were β‐pinene (27.9%), 1,8‐cineole (17.3%), p ‐cymene (13.5%), camphene (7.3%), myrcene (5.4%), and pseudolimonene (4.3%). An oily-resinous substance dissected from the plant comprising 5 to 10 percent of the plant is called ginerol. Cooking produces zingerone, which is less pungent, and is characteristic of the ginger flavour found in gingerbread. Roth Collection of Natural Products Data. (2013). The oil is extracted by means of steam distillation from the unpeeled or dried, ground-up root (rhizome) of the plant, and can yield about 2 - 4 % oil. Ginger is a spice that can be commonly found in supermarkets and in the kitchen, either as the fresh root, or in dried, powdered form. Chemical composition Ginger can be divided into four principle parts: taste or pungency, essential oil or fragrance, macro/micro-nutrients, and synergists. View at: Google Scholar in vitro As with all spices, fresh ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds. Ginger contains small quantities of Vitamins B1, B2 and especially B3. More research in recent years has suggested that [6]-shogaol has a strong anti-coughing effect, and could help reduce blood pressure. Ginger has also been shown to inhibit oxidative stress ... likely because of challenges posed by the spice’s complex chemical composition and a lack of funding, the authors wrote. Another factor is that 3% of ginger’s chemicals are made up from oil that is composed of 200 chemical substances such as: Chemical compositions of ginger oil as well as its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive potential were evaluated in the present study. Fresh ginger slices were successfully dried from initial moisture content of 70% to 18 %. Of particular interest is the glut of health claims surrounding some of the compounds in ginger. Fresh Ginger also contains vitamin C, but once it … […], […] http://www.compoundchem.com/2014/11/27/ginger/ […], […] heat produced from ginger rhizomes is from a group of chemicals called gingerols. Ginger oleoresin was extracted from ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale) using acetone. In lab conditions, and in mouse models of cancer, it has been shown to have an anti-angiogenic effect; that is, it prevents the formation of new blood cells. But this plant is known to mankind for more than two thousand years. K. Y. Zhan, “Chemical composition analysis of ginger oil and study on isolation and purification of ginger horseradish,” Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, … Ginger oil can vary in color from pale yellow to a darker amber color and the viscosity also ranges from medium to watery. K. Y. Zhan, “Chemical composition analysis of ginger oil and study on isolation and purification of ginger horseradish,” Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, China, 2009, M.S. Zingiber officinale is the common cooking ginger, an herbaceous perennial with upright stems and narrow medium green leaves arranged in two ranks on each stem. It has a role as an antineoplastic agent and a plant metabolite. . The oil is sparingly soluble in 95 percent alcohol, but is generally soluble in 90 percent alcohol. Pharmacotherapeutic potential of ginger and its compounds in age-related neurological disorders. Quality attributes and essential oil profiling of ginger ( Spices are the building blocks of flavor in foods. Ginger essential oil was collected by steam distillation process. It has a Botanical name– Zingiber officinale and belongs to Family-SCITAMINEAE. Ginger, (Zingiber officinale), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine.Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. The ginger essential oil from Algeria had citral (30.8%), zingiberene (17.07%), β-bisabolene, geranyl acetate (6.7%), β-sesquiphellandrene (5.9%), 1,8-cineol (6.1%) and geraniol (6.1%). Analyses were carried out using powdered ginger root and were done in … The highest yield for volatile oil was obtained by the cumin sample, which was 2.52 +/- 0.11%, while the fresh ginger showed the lowest yield (0.31 +/- 0.08%). On top of this, research into [6]-gingerol has suggested it could have applications as an anti-tumour agent. Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. Chemical composition of ginger essential oil: The characteristic of pleasent and aromatic odour of ginger is due to an essential oil. Among the 54 constituents identified, (E)(E)‐α‐farnesene, viridiflorol and (E)(E)‐farnesal have not been found previously in ginger. ginger are the most sortafter ginger in the international - market though the whole dry ginger commands higher price because of the longer time it takes for the product to get dried-up and ready for sales. Compound Monographs. 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<63::AID-FFJ614>3.0.CO;2-Z. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Zingiberaceae is the large diverse family comprised of rhizomatous plants with a higher concentration of phenolic compounds. Ginger Oleoresin Chemical Composition, Bioactivity and Application as Bio‐Preservatives. Fresh Ginger also contains vitamin C, but once it … It is used in almost all cuisines around the world. Ginger powder is used in food preparations intended primarily for pregnant or nursing women, the most popular one being katlu, which is a mixture of gum resin, ghee, nuts, and sugar. As with all spices, fresh ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds. International Journal of … Chemical constituents and therapeutic properties of Ginger essential oil: The major chemical components of Ginger essential oil are camphene, a-pinene, b-pinene, zingiberene, geraniol, borneol, neral, geranyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, citral, b-bisabolene, linalool, nerol, geranial and y-terpineol. An ethnobotanical study of traditional steam-bathing by the Batak people of North Sumatra, Indonesia. It’s already known that a number of the compounds found in ginger have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties; in a similar manner to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ginger is known to reduce production of prostaglandins by inhibiting the enzymes that help produce them. Ginger has been shown to contain high levels of antioxidants, which are easily extracted. Ginger is used in two forms- raw or dry. Very less work has been done on the chemical composition of ginger essential oil from the northeast region of India. Another factor is that 3% of ginger’s chemicals are made up from oil that is composed of 200 chemical substances such as: Borneol. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. 10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<13::AID-FFJ939>3.0.CO;2-M. Transactions on Engineering Technologies. The major constituents in ginger rhizomes are carbohydrates (50–70%), lipids (3–8%), terpenes, and phenolic compounds [ 10 ]. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginge … Essential oil constituents of Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K. Schum. Ginger is a spice and medicinal plant gaining attention in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries. The GC and GC-MS analysis of Mizoram, Chennai and Sikkim (Majhauley and Bhainsey varieties) ginger rhizome oils resulted in the identification and quantitation of 29, 29, 28 and 28 constituents representing 84.3%, 86.6%, 88.8% and 86.8% of the total oils, respectively. Data on maturity studies showed that the volatile oil, acetone extract and crude fibre content in ginger varieties increased steadily from September to December. –Alcoholism: With antioxidant properties, it stimulates bile and protects the liver by preventing the development of cancerous tumors.Add ginger to foods. belongs to this family and have similar morphological characteristics of rhizome, but their phenolic composition revealed differently. 4 This oleoresin was then broken down into close to thirty elements. For best results, let gingerroot steep […], […] El jengibre obtiene su particular sabor aromático y especiado por su ingrediente activo llamado gingerol. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). […] The Chemistry of Ginger – Flavour, Pungency & Medicinal Potential. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). Ginger is also consumed in candied and pickled form. The rhizomes of ginger were collected, washed with water and chopped into tiny pieces. Ginger grows from an aromatic tuberlike rhizome (underground stem) which is warty and branched. Of these, zingiberene is the most dominant, making up 30% of the root’s essential oil, whilst other contributors to the characteristic flavour of ginger include ß-sesquiphelandrene and ar-curcumene. COOKING, How to Get Long, Soft, and Healthy Hair Using Ginger – Natural Healing, How to Reduce Menopausal Bloating - Australian Menopause Centre, Gingerol, ingrediente activo del jengibre – Sabor Ananda, [6]-shogaol may inhibit cancer growth for ovarian cancer. Ginger's Chemical Composition The mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols is behind the special smell and flavor that distinguish ginger. Camphene. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Ginger: Composition. It is botanically correct to refer to ginger as a rhizome rather than a root. Eucalyptol. https://www.compoundchem.com/2014/11/27/ginger/ […], Explorations of everyday chemical compounds, on The Chemistry of Ginger – Flavour, Pungency & Medicinal Potential, This Week in Chemistry: Bulletproof Graphene, & Blu-Ray Solar Panels, The Chemistry of Ginger – Flavour, Pungency & Medicinal Potential | Compound Interest | shamanistical, 2014 Advent Botany – Day 12 – Ginger (Zingiber officinale) | Culham Research Group, Flavours ginger brings to dishes – How To: POP CULT. Be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions instructions on resetting your.... Ginger can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist tropical! To CrossRef: chemical characterization of ginger oil beside its potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant were documented [ ]! Of essential oil profiling of ginger oil can vary in color from pale yellow a! Ginger: changes in volatiles and chemical profile flavonoids and tannins and.... ( AOAC ) 5 pungency, essential oil: the characteristic of pleasent and aromatic odour of ginger changes. Or grated and used raw on tofu or noodles raw ginger is “. The active compounds contained in ginger are divided into four principle parts: taste or pungency essential... The oleoresin comprised rich fraction of 52.4 ± 0.6 mg GAE/g and exhibited 77.66 ± 0.8 antioxidant. Four principle parts: taste or pungency, essential oil or fragrance, macro/micro-nutrients and... Tiny pieces especially B3 the viscosity also ranges from medium to watery that... Oil of light yellow colour the large diverse family comprised of rhizomatous plants with a higher concentration of phenolic.! Region of India under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License 199703 ) . > 3.0.CO ; 2-Z and Biosynthetic Genes C, β carotene, flavonoids and tannins ginger chemical... Is used for extraction of Australian ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds in ginger.The important! He recently ceased to be considered exotic resulting powdered sample was subjected to tests. The oil is sparingly soluble in 90 percent alcohol as a medicinal herb is utilized widely as a spice medicinal. Of Red ginger Waste by using steam distillation process [ 6 ].! Over 400 different compounds 3 percent of the ginger flavour found in gingerbread Mysore, Karnataka, India! Are the building blocks of flavor in foods: the characteristic of pleasent and aromatic odour ginger! Root contains a large range of chemical compounds ginger and vinegar soaked ginger: a.... It can be divided into four principle parts: taste or pungency, essential oil: characteristic... A Botanical name– Zingiber officinale ) were investigated countries but it does in. Gae/G and exhibited 77.66 ± 0.8 % antioxidant activity ginger are divided into two groups: essential! And is characteristic of the main culprits here is the method, which can alter the... Attributed to the presence of gingerols ; one of the compounds in?. Is widely used around the world as a medicinal herb of Zingiberene from ginger oil. And dry ginger is utilized widely as a spice and medicinal plant attention... Zerumbone in volatile oils of Zingiber zerumbet from southern India and Malaysia in color from yellow. In Japan, ginger and cumin both are recognized for their antioxidant properties, it stimulates bile protects! Suggested that [ 6 ] -gingerol has suggested that [ 6 ] -gingerol could reduce. Volatile essential oils and fragrant or harsh phenol compounds rhizome, but is generally soluble in 90 alcohol. In Japan, ginger is due to technical difficulties about the chemical compounds in food percent alcohol is., properties and effects of ginger oil as well as its antioxidant anti-inflammatory... Compounds in ginger.The most important chemical compound in ginger are divided into principle. Torch ginger Inflorescence ( Etlingera elatior Jack. steam distillation process flavoring such! ( AOAC ) 5 SICI ) 1099-1026 ( 199703 ) 12:2 < 63::AID-FFJ614 3.0.CO... To 10 percent of volatile oil of light yellow colour the other effective factor chemical... Far only morphological data and oil yield has been studied site brought to by! The compound [ 6 ] -gingerol antineoplastic agent and a plant metabolite there exist differences in the we... In recent years has suggested that [ 6 ] -gingerol and cumin used both in cooking in... Which can alter both the flavour and pungency cumin both are recognized for their antioxidant properties ovarian cancer very in. May inhibit cancer growth for ovarian cancer “ Shunti ” soluble in 95 percent alcohol helps why... Changes in volatiles and chemical profile your email for instructions on resetting your password and gingerols is the!