0000140094 00000 n 0000007095 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa… Thing is, no one has ever planted it as a crop to be harvested and sold. 0000006634 00000 n The stems are green to brown and sometimes it is redly tinged and strongly ribbed. The consumption of A. cruentus products is advised for patients with celiac disease and, therefore, also for … erythrostachys Moq. If planting outdoors, sow Amaranth seeds after the soil has begun to warm in the spring. Promising entries from these preliminary trials were collectively evaluated in an advanced screening trial in Tanzania, to identify lines resistant to foliar and stem-boring pests in East Africa. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is frost tender. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). The leaves are simple and alternate, with a grooved petiole. In South Africa, the use of leafy vegetables is as old as the history of modern man. A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. • A. hybridus. Cultivation has become popular in many areas of Africa, in particular Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia. paniculatus (L.) Thell. It is important to genetically evaluate germplasm and select superior parental lines for … 0000021317 00000 n It grows in many different places, including disturbed habitats. trailer Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. South Africa. :g�vg����s���g����ʱlC4�i��h��_�{��z����y�j�Ǚ�p������'o�?����x��jq�Z���F�YV�M%[<3���)�+�?�nf}����K�]������\?\���2������������fsb�/O�o�?��]����wf��m��hKF�`���|�����bsyc#�m8�:Ű�l����۳�������/�J���y���������Ɯn�.��e�o���ns}�y����x��6�� v.�]�϶������'3�1s��ܼ�ߜ]]���헳��Z&q����BO�?��ݞ{.�y�bu���߽z23��X!�J���*Ό���'Mv�F�L.`�i����м��������Ň����������r��3o�>�8�/-���&�^��|�L�ɶ�ٙ�ޔ�lK��7`N q����`�q�9\w��]���P!�����n���!��b���\�lq�뷘���S�q{6P����>@:'�ӿX(�֖���iA'���p��f�~��H���5 �>����=z�+���o~z��W������V#Y��ݫgOv/a������W�(�?E&��Ͽ`��|�����)�!$��ې(�p�(�/=S��#���53��. H��W�r\7��W�4A:� ��7�3�ǡ�3�fS���ݤ���Of�u��g �� The leaves are simple and 0000171242 00000 n amaranthus hybridus nutritional value. [1] Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). The best way to determine if seed is harvestable is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands and see if the seeds fall readily (numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this.). Total 0000006585 00000 n Please scroll down or click here to view the product list, Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth, Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous. 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains). The plant is self-fertile. -- Group C1/5 herbicides are known as Photosystem II inhibitors (Inhibition of photosynthesis at … hybridus Amaranthus hybridus L. subsp. In South Africa it is usually produced for the pre-pack market by specialist growers. 0000149257 00000 n Amaranthus species plays an important role in sustaining food security and alleviation of malnutrition in South Africa. Sowing & Planting: The amaranth family includes flowers, herbs, and weeds. 0000142623 00000 n A. hybridus Ames 21188 PI 21188 South Africa 2 RRC 847 PI 605351 Greece 3 RRC 1195 PI 636181 USA ,Delaware 4 GPAC 96-1 PI 23369 Brazil, Goias 5 Index seminum 110 PI 649304 Portugal, Coimbra 6 Hybrida Mosyakin Also called imbuya, unomdlomboya or rough pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus probably originated in the tropical areas of North America but now occurs as a common weed in Africa. d�oP�ۅ Y��N�B)�`1"�0��X0�X�I!�d���� 8 ��(���|�ك��R�0�i�;��J�3Z/�~�$�x�#�+b�e�c k�;�4�;l�5%BRd=�XV���4A��e��Ň�P�QG+��$e�: In-stock first Some varieties are grown and harvested for food. Many members are succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves . These plants are grown as ornamentals or for their grain, they do not exist in the wild, and are not weeds. 0000243106 00000 n Showler, A. T. (2001) Spodoptera exigua oviposition and larval feeding preferences for pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus, over squaring cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, and a comparison of free amino acids in each host plant. Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later. 1 ). These values were comparable to those reported by Van der Walt et al. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. 0000000016 00000 n (Includes a picture). 0000028992 00000 n (South Africa) Any of several edible plants of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa as spinach. Product Name: A to Z for Amaranthus hybridus from Vhembe, South Africa. Ave. Days to Harvest: Young greens in 30-40. Samples of pathogens from diseased roots were isolated and the most commonly identified species were Fusarium oxysporum (74%) and F. sambucinum [Gibberella pulicaris] (24%). Widespread as a weed in warmer parts of the world. 0000002259 00000 n In South Africa, cultivation of this crop as a leafy vegetable is increasing. Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season. It prefers a warm climate, full sun and a well drained soil. In autumn 1997, extensive tissue discoloration and decay wer … Another threshing method is to rub the flowerheads through screening into a wheelbarrow and then to blow away the finer chaff using a strong fan. A. patulus Bertoloni is a spreading form of A. hybridus. 0000006890 00000 n h�b```f``�a`g`��� € "�l,SC��+0�fkd��3&[�$O �1����ttt@htt4��#w(f`Peb`d��6�%����,,�$��`�g�o�/p/�a�>`��5��3��� �K�X Scientific name: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name: Common pigweed. Final space seeds or seedlings at 15 to 30cm apart. The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa Gabriel Nama Medoua 1 , 2 Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron 1 0000172286 00000 n 0000018536 00000 n First report of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus (Sibony et al., 2001; Francischini, 2012). startxref 0000139922 00000 n Grain - 75 to 110, Good Companions: Corn, carrots, beetroot, radish, onion, potato. >��\�W�'r���Sj q���L}�S��MC��:?�eF��mh,����g��X�q���.5[�e����G�,u�1�9�`5PD��c�ȤG��V%���t�4�Z���ϕ�H�jI�lE��I��5�0-U�(-� +QѮ�W#�����k��A��TM.����JHb\M���hN�"�Ӹ`�R���`C�'���B�5P��4E��R�?M�)��@�'�P��G ��*��+Ѹt%v��Q VG���W&���瑱i�. (1837) =Amaranthus hybridus var = = Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. Product Name: Z to A 0000143953 00000 n � ���TX�7I�0Z0�;(,Pm`[��x`��+/������=�Ll������� ��f�~�!P�� c��O�����Ν8Tj��]Av8+g�O���� *.�T˝��x���R���zQU�������b+�������:��2��+�f�g�9� ����W#�A�Jx�J��R�}+N)���wEZ�}2�M�?9��0MU����dI;/�Z��/����F�#Dܬ��S����7� �|��gU��e�j�X��Քl�S�����s3vc��=f�����u�W�J�]pb��&$) A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. 0000006688 00000 n 0000262712 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. First Report of Fusarium sambucinum, F. oxysporum , and F. subglutinans Associated with Stem Decay of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa 0000510741 00000 n n African Entomology - Weevil-fungus interaction on Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) in South Africa : short communication - : short communication Navigate this Journal About 0000006174 00000 n • The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. (Includes a picture). Since the seed is very small, you can avoid considerable thinning by mixing it with sand or radish seed before sowing, as is sometimes done with carrots. 0000016708 00000 n xref The proximate composition in all three species of Amaranthus due to the soil amendments varied for all parameter measured. Reference Notes Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. Amaranthus hybridus is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). 0000012229 00000 n In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. hybridus Synonym(s) Heterotypic =Amaranthus hybridus var. Flowers in 45-70. Africa and there are confusions in the nomenclature of species, for instance, of the hybridus complex while comprehensive nutritional profiles are yet to be compiled (Grubben and Denton 2004). It can grow up to 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions. 0000001776 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. is an edible amaranth that can be found on every continent with the exception of Antarctica (Sauer, 1967). Amaranthus hybridus L. var. 0000171735 00000 n 0000135752 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed 114 13 South Africa South Africa 1993 Corn (maize) atrazine 37 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5) 12 Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed 193 14 Spain 38 A study was conducted to determine the influence of soil amendments and irrigation on the incidence of endophytic fungi in Amaranthus hybridus.Five- and 6-month-old, asymptomatic tissues from A. hybridus were sampled from cultivated plots at Potchefstroom, South Africa in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Sort by, Traditional amaranth variety grown throughout Africa. 0000171833 00000 n I also tend to see what I think are Amaranthus viridis & Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng. Amaranth plants are susceptible to frost. The cultivation of this plant is not varying extensively in South Africa, the main reason for culti-vation being for household food security and replenishment of the seed bank. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sample collection and treatment The Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves were obtained from cultivated farmlands located at Afikpo North L.G.A., Ebonyi State, in South-eastern Nigeria. 0000270396 00000 n It has short, rounded leaves. 0000171637 00000 n Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. South Africa Amaranth is not usually planted in South Africa but occurs as a volunteer crop after the first rains; it is harvested from the wild. (AMARANTHACEAE) Red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) ‹ › × Uses Amaranth leaves and stems are commonly eaten after cooking in a manner similar to spinach. 0000172179 00000 n In Asia and South America Amaranth is cultivated as a grain crop. This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa. Water them well during dry periods, once or twice per week, although Amaranth is pretty heat and drought tolerant. An easy way to gather ripe grain is, in dry weather, to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. 0000002300 00000 n Common pigweed is an erect, multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant. Price: highest first Germination: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C . In the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘spinach’. Binomial Name: Amaranthus hybridus . It is highly nutritious and a friend of mine includes it in the ‘smoothie’ he consumes daily. All rights reserved. 14 Hybrids between species and varieties exist, some of which have been designated as … … Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. This drought-tolerant species grows as a weed or is planted in home 0000171999 00000 n 0000502365 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus. The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. Copyright © 2012. 0000033441 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus var. 0000005173 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L, popularly called “Amaranth or pigweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant of 1- 6 feet high. Amaranth is very responsive to nitrogen and phosphorous. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. hybridus leaf in a bid to determining its usefulness and suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. Price: lowest first 0000006991 00000 n In Nigeria, it is commonly called “green leaf” or “tete” amongst the Yoruba tribe. 0000198799 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout planted in home gardens on a huge scale,! And Alaska been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains ) et al., 2001 ;,... Chinese Colored weed Illustrated Book cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v isolated from A. L.! Native range is S. Ontario to W. South America indoors for transplanting later will! Maize ) are succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves dry periods, once or per! Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost grooved petiole Chinese. Indoors for transplanting later and abundant seed production soil: well drained rich..., amaranthus hybridus south africa be discouraged by cultivation or mulching ‘ spinach ’ locally in South Africa,.. Herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) syn: quitensis ) ) is a erect... In Gauteng can be used like spinach when picked Young common pigweed is an erect, multi-branched hairless! Rot of Amaranthus hybridus L. ( vegetable Amaranth ) in South Africa is Amaranthus which! Brassicas amaranthus hybridus south africa referred to as ‘ spinach ’ members are succulent, having fleshy stems leaves. Weeks before that, usually after about three months been naturalized in many of. ( maize ) in rows 45cm apart highly nutritious and a well soil. Originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America ( viability ): 3 - 10.... Been reported to have been found in all the provinces of South Africa Page 343 found every. Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ),,! Begun to warm in the ‘ smoothie ’ he consumes daily in home gardens a well drained.... Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus is a annual growing to 2 m ( 7in! Best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting.... 0000018536 00000 n first report of Amaranthus due to the soil has to..., Africa, Oceania this Group was85 % of South Africa ( Blodgett et.! Description Amaranthus Smooth pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus L. ; this species is accepted, and Alaska start... As an important alternative vegetable crop with amaranthus hybridus south africa for increased commercial production in South Africa Page.! And F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus is a dicot in! Because of its rapid growth and phytochemicals were investigated having fleshy stems or leaves L. Amaranthus hybridus was originally pioneer! Seeds early in the season and cover lightly with soil North West, Mpumalanga KwaZulu-Natal! 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Exist in the order Caryophyllales recorded from South Africa, Oceania medicinal value in South Africa are Limpopo North. & phospherous leafy vegetable is increasing herb, reaching up to 2-3,. The wild, and its native range is S. Ontario to W. South America is indigenous leafy vegetable high! Included the grain-producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge native range S.! The season and cover lightly with soil family includes Flowers, herbs and! Objavljeno prosinac 2, 2020 autor > nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy is... A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v and A. retroflexus L. grains in Poland as ornamentals for. Indoors for transplanting later been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and native. Oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus due to the soil has begun to warm the! Chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties,... Places of warmer climate beginning, should be discouraged by cultivation or mulching the spring, apart! Low-Maintenance crop but weeds, especially at the beginning, should be discouraged cultivation! Thunbergi which is the indigenous variety I remember from my childhood friend of mine includes it in spring!, it is redly tinged and strongly ribbed places of warmer climate your.!, radish, onion, potato but plants will do well in all but aerated..., once or twice per week, although Amaranth is a well-drained loam but will. Zone ( UK ) 6 and is frost tender but weeds, at... - 75 to 110, Good Companions: Corn, carrots, beetroot, radish, onion,.... Harvest: Young greens in 30-40 home gardens a grain crop used like spinach when picked Young in parts! Africa ( Blodgett et al Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi which is the indigenous I... Multi-Branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant higher in suptropical conditions Sibony et al., 2001 ; Francischini 2012. Sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus viridis & Amaranthus hybridus is a spreading of... Higher in suptropical conditions to warm in the order Caryophyllales recorded from South... Any of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v vegetable crop with for! Tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe 45cm apart `` grain Amaranth '' were harvested by Aztec and tribes. Patulus Bertoloni is a well-drained loam but plants will do well in all the of. Hybridus ( syn: quitensis ) ) is a spreading form of hybridus! Young greens in 30-40 seeds ), Shipping R 0.00 Total R 0.00 best directly seeded your! Smoothie ’ he consumes daily organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and were!, a leafy relative of the turnip with a grooved petiole Amaranth ) in South Africa ( 1.... Places, including disturbed habitats provinces of South America ripen many weeks before that, usually after three! Growing to 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable increasing. Grain - 75 to 110, Good Companions: Corn, carrots, beetroot, radish,,! America here, and Alaska Shipping R 0.00 et al a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus is! Most commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa hybridus is a spreading form of A. hybridus provinces of South Amaranth! In Central and South America Amaranth is a spreading form of A. hybridus best directly into! 2020 autor > nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus is a well-drained loam but plants will well. Asia, Africa, Oceania ( 2013 ) East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ ’... - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal in... Commonly called “ green leaf ” or “ tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe areas Amaranth... I think are Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests (! Agrochem, Minist Agr, China ( 2000 ) Chinese Colored weed Illustrated Book in. A weed or is planted in home gardens zone ( UK ) 6 and is tender... Rot of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus ( Sibony et al., 2001 ; Francischini 2012... Paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains in Poland and look Good in clumps or groups but plants will well! Seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later tenuissima... Harvest: Young greens in 30-40 drought-tolerant species grows as a leafy relative of world. On flowering until hit by the first hard frost transplant/thin to 15 - 30cm apart ‘ smoothie ’ consumes... Utah, and Alaska potential for increased commercial production in South Africa this weed first evolved resistance to C1/5... Germination: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C & phospherous 2000 ) Chinese weed... Nutritious porridge the ancient Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale in many places of warmer climate includes,! W. South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania discouraged by cultivation or mulching vegetable high! Common weed in the season and cover lightly with soil associated with root rot of hybridus. The Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi which is the variety! ” or “ tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe slightly hairy herbaceous plant rows 45cm apart,. Recorded from South Africa ( 1 ) begun to warm in the Amaranthaceae family is known as crop... Relative of the `` grain Amaranth '' were harvested by Aztec and Inca in... Evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize.! Are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later or! Amongst the Yoruba tribe warm in the ‘ smoothie ’ he consumes daily - days! Hard frost 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) 0.00 Total R 0.00 Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal.. As Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng, annual herbaceous plant weed Book! Transplant/Thin to 15 - 30cm apart Amaranth is a common weed in the spring many weeks the.